Northwest Fisheries Science Center

NWFSC Staff Directory

NWFSC Publications for Vera Trainer

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91 record(s) found.

Adams NG, Schwenke P, Smith GJ, Trainer VL (2017) Microsatellite Markers for Population Genetic Applications in the Domoic Acid-producing Diatom Pseudo-nitzschia australis Frenguelli (Bacillariophyceae). Protist 168: 197-205Go to metadata icon

Berdalet, E., R. Kudela, E. Urban, H. Enevoldsen, N. S. Banas, M. Burford, C. J. Gobler, B. Karlson, P. T. Lim, L. MacKenzie, M. Montresor, V. L. Trainer, G. Usup, K. Yin. 2017. GlobalHAB: a new program to promote international research, observations, and modeling of harmful algal blooms in aquatic systems. Oceanography.Go to metadata icon

Jones, T., J. K. Parrish, A. E. Punt, V. L. Trainer, R. Kudela, J. Lang, M. Brancato, A. Odell, B. M. Hickey, V. Participant. 2017. A perfect storm:  massive marine bird mortality caused by a dinoflagellate bloom in the Northeast Pacific. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 579:111-127. doi:https://doi.org/10.3354/meps12253Go to metadata icon

Kim, J., U. Tillmann, N. G. Adams, B. Krock, W. L. Stutts, J. R. Deeds, M. Han, V. L. Trainer. 2017. Identification of Azadinium species and a new azaspiracid from Azadinium poporum in Puget Sound, Washington State, USA. Harmful Algae, 68:152-167.Go to metadata icon

McKibben, S. M., W. T. Peterson, A. M. Wood, V. L. Trainer, M. Hunter, A. E. White. 2017. The next link will exit from NWFSC web site Climatic regulation of the neurotoxin domoic acid. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 114(2):239-244.Go to metadata icon

Rowles, T., A. J. Hall, C. S. Baker, F. Cipriano, P. M. Glibert, F. M. Gulland, B. Kirkpatrick, h. paerl, L. H. Schwacke, C. Simeone, R. Stimmelmayr, R. S. Suydam, V. L. Trainer, F. M. Van Dolah. 2017. Report of the Workshop on Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs) and Associated Toxins.Go to metadata icon

Trainer, V.L. (Ed.) 2017. Conditions Promoting Extreme Pseudo-nitzschia Events in the Eastern Pacific but not the Western Pacific. PICES Sci. Rep. No. 53, 52 pp.Go to metadata icon

Adams, N. G., A. Robertson, L. M. Grattan, S. Pendleton, S. Roberts, J. K. Tracy and V. L. Trainer (2016). "Assessment of sodium channel mutations in Makah tribal members of the U.S. Pacific Northwest as a potential mechanism of resistance to paralytic shellfish poisoning." Harmful Algae 57, Part B: 26-34.Go to metadata icon

Baliarsingh, S. K., A. A. Lotliker, M. L. Wells, V. L. Trainer, C. Parida, B. K. Sahu, S. Srnichandan, S. Sahoo. 2016. Environmental dynamics of a red Noctiluca scintillans bloom in tropical coastal waters. Sahu, K. C., S. Kumar. Marine Pollution Bulletin.Go to metadata icon

Bill, B. D., S. K. Moore, L. R. Hay, D. M. Anderson, V. L. Trainer. 2016. Effects of temperature and salinity on growth of Alexandrium isolates from the Salish Sea. Journal of Phycology, 52(2):230-238. doi:10.1111/jpy.12386Go to metadata icon

Grattan, L. M., C. Boushey, K. Tracy, V. L. Trainer, S. M. Roberts, N. Schluterman, J. G. Morris Jr. 2016. The association between razor clam consumption and memory in the CoASTAL cohort. Harmful Algae.Go to metadata icon

Ikeda, C. E., W. P. Cochlan, C. M. Bronicheski, V. L. Trainer, C. G. Trick. 2016. THE EFFECTS OF SALINITY ON THE CELLULAR PERMEABILITY AND ICHTHYOTOXICITY OF HETEROSIGMA AKASHIWO. Journal of Phycology.Go to metadata icon

Inaba, N., V. L. Trainer, Y. Onishi, K. Ishii, S. Wyllie-Echeverria. 2016. Spatial distribution of algicidal and growth-inhibiting bacteria associated with seagrass and macroalgae beds in Puget Sound. Harmful Algae.Go to metadata icon

Knaack, J. S., K. A. Porter, J. T. Jacob, K. Sullivan, M. Forester, R. Wang, V. L. Trainer, S. Morton, G. Eckert, E. McGahee, J. Thomas, J. McLaughlin, R. C. Johnson. 2016. Case diagnosis and characterization of suspected paralytic shellfish poisoning in Alaska. Harmful Algae.Go to metadata icon

McCabe, R. M., B. M. Hickey, R. Kudela, K. A. Lefebvre, N. G. Adams, B. D. Bill, F. M. Gulland, R. E. Thomson, W. P. Cochlan, V. L. Trainer. 2016. The next link will exit from NWFSC web site An unprecedented coastwide toxic algal bloom linked to anomalous ocean conditions. Geophysical Research Letters, 43(19):10,366-10,376.Go to metadata icon

Roberts, S. M., L. M. Grattan, A. M. Toben, C. Ausherman, V. L. Trainer, K. Tracy, J. G. Morris Jr. 2016. Preception of risk for domoic acid related health problems: A cross-cultural study. Harmful Algae.Go to metadata icon

Trainer, V.L., Dortch, Q., Adams, N.G. Bill, B.D., Doucette, G., Kudela, R.M. 2016. A widespread harmful algal bloom in the northeast Pacific. [in "State of the Climate in 2015"]. Bull. Am. Meterolog. Soc.Go to metadata icon

Ikeda, C. E., W. P. Cochlan, C. M. Bronicheski, J. R. Matheson, V. L. Trainer, C. G. Trick. 2015. The regulation of toxicity in laboratory cultures of Heterosigma akashiwo from Puget Sound, Washington. Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Harmful Algae.Go to metadata icon

Orlova, T. Y., P. A. Popkova, I. V. Stonki, T. V. Morozova, K. V. Efimova, L. Moore, B. L. Eberhart, M. L. Wells, V. L. Trainer. 2015. Diarrhetic shellfish toxins in Primorsky Krai, Russia. Journal of Shellfish Research, 34(3):1151-1160.Go to metadata icon

  Paranjpye, R.N., W. B. Nilsson, M. Liermann, E. D. Hilborn, B. J. George, Q. Li, B. D. Bill, V. L.Trainer, M. S. Strom, P. A. Sandifer. 2015. Environmental influences on the seasonal distribution ofVibrio parahaemolyticus in the Pacific Northwest of the U.S. FEMs Microbial Ecol. 91:2015 fic121.Go to metadata icon

Trainer, V. L., L. Moore, B. L. Eberhart, B. D. Bill, W. P. Cochlan, M. L. Wells, J. Incardona, T. L. Linbo, C. G. Trick. 2015. Characterizing toxic activity from Heterosigma akashiwo: a tale of two assays. Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Harmful Algae.Go to metadata icon

Trainer, V. L., J. Hardy. 2015. Integrative monitoring of marine and freshwater harmful algae in Washington State for public health protection. Toxins.Go to metadata icon

Trainer, V.L. and Yoshida, T. (Eds.) 2014. Proceedings of the Workshop on Economic Impacts of Harmful Algal Blooms on Fisheries and Aquaculture. PICES Sci. Rep. No. 47, 85 pp.Go to metadata icon

Wells, M. L., V. L. Trainer, T. J. Smayda, B. Karlson, C. G. Trick, R. Kudela, A. Ishikawa, s. Bernard, a. wulff, D. M. Anderson, W. P. Cochlan. 2015. Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs) and Climate Change; What Do We Know and Where Do We Go From Here? Harmful Algae.Go to metadata icon

Giddings, S. N., P. MacCready, B. M., Hickey, N. S. Banas, K. A. Davis, S. A., Siedlecki, V. L. Trainer, R. M. Kudela, N., A. Pelland, Connolly, T.P. 2014. Hindcasts of potential harmful algal bloom transport pathways on the Pacific Northwest coast, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 119, 2439–2461, doi:10.1002/2013JC009622.Go to metadata icon

Trainer, V.L., Sullivan, K., Eberhart, B.T.L., Paternoster, J., Shuler, A., Hignutt Jr., E., Kiser, J., Eckert, G., Morton, S.L. The impacts of paralytic shellfish poisoning on the Alaska shellfish industry and the implementation of an early warning system. J. Shellfish Research.Go to metadata icon

Bill, B. D., W. P. Cochlan, V. L. Trainer. 2013. The effect of Light on Growth Rate and Primary Productivity in Pseudo-nitzschia australis and Pseudo-nitzschia turgidula. Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Harmful Algae.Go to metadata icon

Cochlan, W. P., V. L. Trainer, C. G. Trick, M. L. Wells, B. L. Eberhart, B. D. Bill. 2013. Heterosigma akashiwo in the Salish Sea: Defining growth and toxicity leading to fish kills. Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Harmful Algae.Go to metadata icon

Eberhart, B. L., L. K. Moore, N. Harrington, N. G. Adams, J. A. Borchert, V. L. Trainer. 2013. Screening tests for the rapid detection of diarrhetic shellfish toxins in Washington State. Marine Drugs.Go to metadata icon

Hickey, B.M., Trainer, V.L., Kosro, M.P., Adams, N.G., Connolly, T.P., Kachel, N.B., Geier, S.L. 2013. A springtime source of toxic Pseudo-nitzschia on razor clam beaches in the Pacific Northwest. Harmful Algae. doi: 10.1016/j.hal.2013.01.006.Go to metadata icon

Trainer, V.L., Moore, L., Bill, B.D., Adams, N.G., Harrington, N., Borchert, J., da Silva, D.AM, Eberhart, B.T.L. 2013. Diarrhetic shellfish toxins and other lipophilic toxins of human health concern in Washington State. Marine Drugs, 11:1815-1835, doi:10.3390/md11061815Go to metadata icon

Xu, J., J. W. Turner, M. Idso, S. V. Biryukov, L. Rognstad, H. Gong, V. L. Trainer, M. L. Wells, M. S. Strom, Q. Yu. 2013. In-situ Strain-level Detection and Identification of Vibrio parahaemolyticus Using Surface-enhanced Raman Spectroscopy. Analytical Chemistry, 85:2630-2637.Go to metadata icon

Anderson, D. M., G. Doucette, V. L. Trainer, C. A. Scholin, J. Paul, V. L. Trainer. 2012. HARMFUL ALGAL BLOOM (HAB) SENSORS IN OCEAN OBSERVING SYSTEMS. Interagency Ocean Observation Committee summit.Go to metadata icon

Brown, C. W., D. Green, B. M. Hickey, J. M. Jacobs, L. W. Lanerolle, S. K. Moore, D. J. Schwab, V. L. Trainer, J. Trtanj, E. Turner, R. J. Wood, T. T. Wynne. 2012. Towards operational forecasts of algal blooms and pathogens. In Morain, S. A., A. M. Budge. (Eds.) Environmental Tracking for Public Health Surveillance.Go to metadata icon

Eberhart, B. L., B. D. Bill, V. L. Trainer. 2012. Remote sampling of harmful algal blooms: A case study on the Washington State coas. Harmful Algae, 19(9):39-45.Go to metadata icon

Lewitus, A.J., Horner, R.A., Caron, D.A., Garcia-Mendoza, E., Hickey, B.M., Hunter, M., Huppert, D.D., Kelly, D., Kudela, R.M., Langlois, G.W., Largier, J.L., Lessard, E.J., RaLond, R., Rensel, J.E., Strutton, P.G., Trainer, V.L., Tweddle, J.F. 2012. Harmful Algal Blooms along the North American West Coast Region: History, Trends, Causes, and Impacts. Harmful Algae. 19: 133-159.Go to metadata icon

Trainer, V.L., Bates, S.S., Lundholm, N., Thessen, A.E., Adams, N.G., Cochlan, W.P., Trick, C.G. 2012. Pseudo-nitzschia physiological ecology, phylogeny, toxicity, monitoring and impacts on ecosystem health. Hamful Algae. 14, 271-300.Go to metadata icon

Chadsey, M., V. L. Trainer, T. M. Leschine. 2011. Cooperation of Science and Management for Harmful Algal Blooms: Domoic Acid and the Washington Coast Razor Clam Fishery.Go to metadata icon

Jochens, A.E., Malone, T., Stumpf , R., Hickey, B.M., Jones, B., Morrison. R., Dyble, J., Carter, M., Trainer, V.L. 2011. Integrated Ocean Observing System in Support of Forecasting Harmful Algal Blooms. Marine Technology Society. 44(6), 99-121.Go to metadata icon

Moore, S. K., N. Mantua, V. L. Trainer, B. M. Hickey. 2011. Long-term measurements of paralytic shellfish toxins in Puget Sound shellfish. Part II: The influence of climate and capacity for prediction. Harmful Algae.Go to metadata icon

Moore, S. K., N. J. Mantua, B. M. Hickey, and V. L. Trainer. 2010. The relative influences of El Niño Southern Oscillation and Pacific Decadal Oscillation on paralytic shellfish toxin accumulation in Pacific Northwest shellfish. Limnol. Oceanogr. 6: 2262-2274, doi: 2210.4319/lo.2010.2255.2266.2262.Go to metadata icon

Smayda, T. J., V. L. Trainer. 2010. Dinoflagellate Blooms in Upwelling Systems: Seeding, Variability, and Contrasts with Diatom Bloom Behavior. Progress in Oceanography. doi:doi:10.1016/j.pocean.2010.02.006Go to metadata icon

Trainer, V. L., T. J. Smayda. 2010. Distribution of harmful algal bloom species in upwelling systems. Progress in Oceanography. doi:doi:10.1016/j.pocean.2010.02.006Go to metadata icon

Trick, C. G., B. D. Bill, W. P. Cochlan, M. L. Wells, V. L. Trainer, L. Pickell. 2010. Iron enrichment stimulates toxic diatom production in High Nitrate Low Chlorophyll areas. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science.Go to metadata icon

Adams, N. G., V. L. Trainer, G. Rocap, R. P. Herwig, L. Hauser. 2009. Genetic population structure of Pseudo-nitzschia pungens (Bacillariophyceae) from the Pacific Northwest and the North Sea. Journal of Phycology, 45:1037-1045. doi:10.1111/j.1529-8817.2009.00746.xGo to metadata icon

Horner, R.A., Baugh, K.A., Paranjpye, R., Adams, N.G., Trainer, V.L. 2009. SoundToxins: A monitoring program in Puget Sound, Washington, USA. Proceedings of the 13th International Symposium on Harmful Algae, Hong Kong. pp. 220-223.Go to metadata icon

Moore, S. K., N. Mantua, V. L. Trainer, B. M. Hickey. 2009. Recent trends in paralytic shellfish toxins in Puget Sound, relationships to climate and capacity for prediction of toxic events. Harmful Algae, 8:463-477.Go to metadata icon

Trainer, V. L., M. L. Wells, W. P. Cochlan, C. G. Trick, K. A. Baugh, B. D. Bill, B. F. Beall, N. Lundholm. 2009. A massive bloom of toxigenic Pseudo-nitzschia cuspidata off the Washington State coast. Limnology and Oceanography.Go to metadata icon

Trainer, V. L. 2009. Mass Sexual Reproduction In The Toxicgenic Diatoms Pseudo-Nitzschia Australis And P. Pungens (Bacillariophyceae) On The Washington Coast, USA., 46:41-52.Go to metadata icon

Trainer, V. L., B. M. Hickey, E. J. Lessard, W. P. Cochlan, C. G. Trick, M. L. Wells, J. Herndon, A. MacFadyen, S. Moore. 2009. Variability of Pseudo-nitzschia and domoic acid in the Juan de Fuca Eddy region and its adjacent shelves. Limnology and Oceanography, 54(1).Go to metadata icon

Anderson, D. M., J. M. Burkholder, W. P. Cochlan, P. M. Glibert, C. J. Gobler, C. Heil, R. Kudela, M. L. Parsons, J. J. Rensel, D. W. Townsend, V. L. Trainer, G. A. Vargo. 2008. Harmful algal blooms and eutrophication: Examples of linkages from selected coastal regions of the United States. Harmful Algae, 8(1):39-53.Go to metadata icon

Erdner, D. L., J. Dyble, M. L. Parsons, R. C. Stevens, K. A. Hubbard, M. L. Wrabel, S. K. Moore, K. A. Lefebvre, D. M. Anderson, P. Bienfang, R. R. Bidigare, M. S. Parker, P. Moeller, L. E. Brand, V. L. Trainer. 2008. The next link will exit from NWFSC web site Centers for Oceans and Human Health: a unified approach to the challenge of harmful algal blooms. Environmental Health, 7(Suppl 2):S2.Go to metadata icon

Lefebvre, K. A., B. D. Bill, A. Erickson, K. A. Baugh, L. O'Rourke, P. R. Costa, S. L. Nance, V. L. Trainer. 2008. The next link will exit from NWFSC web site Characterization of intracellular and extracellular saxitoxin levels in both field and cultured Alexandrium spp. samples from Sequim Bay, Washington. Marine Drugs, 6(2):103-116.Go to metadata icon

Moore, S. K., V. L. Trainer, N. Mantua, M. S. Parker, E. A. Laws, L. A. Backer, L. E. Fleming. 2008. Centers for Oceans and Human Health: Climate variability, climate change and harmful algal blooms. Environmental Health, 7(S4 doi:10.1186/1476-069X-7-S2-S4).Go to metadata icon

Moore, S., V. L. Trainer, N. Mantua, M. S. Parker, E. A. Laws, L. C. Backer, L. E. Fleming. 2008. Impacts of climate variability and future climate change on harmful algal blooms and human health. Environmental Health Perspectives, 7(S4 doi:10.1186/1476-069X-7-S2-S4).Go to metadata icon

Olson, B.M., Lessard, E.J., Cochlan, W.P., and V.L. Trainer. 2008. Intrinsic growth and phytoplankton grazing on toxigenic Pseudo-nitzschia spp. diatoms from the coastal Northeast Pacific. Limnol. Oceanogr. 53(4): 1352-1368. Go to metadata icon

Trainer, V. L., B. M. Hickey, S. S. Bates. 2008. Diatoms. TechnicalGo to metadata icon

Bates, S. S., V. L. Trainer. 2007. The Ecology of Harmful Diatoms. Springer Verlag. TechnicalGo to metadata icon

Stevens, R. C., S. D. Soelberg, B. L. Eberhart, S. Spencer, J. C. Wekell, T. M. Chinowsky, V. L. Trainer, C. E. Furlong. 2007. Detection of the toxin domoic acid from clam extracts using a portable surface plasmon resonance biosensor. Harmful Algae, 6(2).Go to metadata icon

Trainer, V. L., M. Suddleson. 2007. Monitoring approaches for early warning of domoic acid poisoning events. Oceanography, 18(2):228-237.Go to metadata icon

Trainer, V. L., W. P. Cochlan, A. Erickson, B. D. Bill, F. Cox, J. A. Borchert, K. A. Lefebvre. 2007. The next link will exit from NWFSC web site Recent domoic acid closures of shellfish harvest areas in Washington State inland waterways. Harmful Algae, 6(3):449-459.Go to metadata icon

Adams, N. G., A. MacFadyen, B. M. Hickey, V. L. Trainer. 2006. The nearshore advection of a toxigenic /Pseudo-nitzschia/ bloom and subsequent domoic acid contamination of intertidal bivalves. African Journal of Marine Science.Go to metadata icon

Baugh, K. A., J. M. Bush, B. D. Bill, K. A. Lefebvre, V. L. Trainer. 2006. The next link will exit from NWFSC web site Estimates of specific toxicity in several Pseudo-nitzschia species based on culture and field studies. African Journal of Marine Science, 28(2):403-407.Go to metadata icon

Bill, B. D., F. Cox, R. A. Horner, J. A. Borchert, V. L. Trainer. 2006. The first closure of shellfish harvesting due to domoic acid in Puget Sound, Washington, USA. African Journal of Marine Science, 28(2):435-440.Go to metadata icon

Marchetti, A., V. L. Trainer, P. Harrison. 2006. Environmental conditions and phytoplankton dynamics associated with Pseudo-nitzchia abundance and domoic acid in the Juan de Fuca eddy. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 281:1-24.Go to metadata icon

Trainer, V. L., M. Suddleson. 2006. Monitoring approaches for early warning of domoic acid poisoning events in Washington State. Oceanography, 18(2):228-237.Go to metadata icon

Bricelj, V. M., L. Connell, K. Konoki, S. P. MacQuarrie, T. Scheuer, W. A. Catterall, V. L. Trainer. 2005. Sodium channel mutation leading to saxitoxin resistance in clams increases risk of PSP. Nature, 434:763-767.Go to metadata icon

Kudela, R., G. Pitcher, F. Figueiras, T. Probyn, T. Moita, V. L. Trainer. 2005. Harmful algal blooms in coastal upwelling systems. Oceanography, 18:184-187.Go to metadata icon

Lefebvre, K. A., N. Elder, P. K. Hershberger, V. L. Trainer, C. M. Stehr, N. L. Scholz. 2005. The next link will exit from NWFSC web site Dissolved saxitoxin causes transient inhibition of sensorimotor function in larval Pacific herring (Clupea harengus pallasi). Marine Biology, 147(6):1393-1402.Go to metadata icon

Pitcher, G., T. Moita, V. L. Trainer, R. Kudela, F. Figueiras, T. Probyn. (Eds.) 2005. Global Ecology and Oceanography of Harmful Algal Blooms - Core research project: HABs in upwelling systems. GEOHAB Report number 3, 88 p.Go to metadata icon

Trainer, V. L., M. Suddleson. 2005. Monitoring approaches for early warning of domoic acid events in Washington State. Oceanography, 18:228-237.Go to metadata icon

Wells, M. L., C. G. Trick, W. P. Cochlan, M. P. Hughes, V. L. Trainer. 2005. Domoic acid: the synergy of iron, copper and the toxicity of diatoms. Limnology and Oceanography, 50:1908-1917.Go to metadata icon

Lefebvre, K. A., V. L. Trainer, N. L. Scholz. 2004. The next link will exit from NWFSC web site Morphological abnormalities and sensorimotor deficits in larval fish exposed to dissolved saxitoxin. Aquatic Toxicology, 66(2):159-170.Go to metadata icon

Marchetti, A., V. L. Trainer, P. Harrison. 2004. Environmental conditions and phytoplankton dynamics associated with Pseudo-nitzschia abundance and domoic acid in the Juan de Fuca eddy. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 281:1-12.Go to metadata icon

Trainer, V. L., B. D. Bill. 2004. Characterization of a domoic acid binding site from Pacific razor clam. Aquatic Toxicology, 69:125-132.Go to metadata icon

Trainer, V. L., B. L. Eberhart, J. C. Wekell, N. G. Adams, L. Hanson, F. Cox, J. Dowell. 2003. Paralytic shellfish toxins in Puget Sound, Washington state. Journal of Shellfish Research, 22:213-223.Go to metadata icon

Eberhart, B. L., J. C. Wekell, V. L. Trainer, F. Cox, L. Hanson. 2002. PSP in Puget Sound: An historical perspective. In Proceedings of 10th International conference on harmful algae, Oct 21-25, 2002, St. Pete Beach, Florida.Go to metadata icon

Stehr, C. M., L. Connell, K. A. Baugh, B. D. Bill, N. G. Adams, V. L. Trainer. 2002. Morphological, toxicological, and genetic differences among Pseudo-nitzschia (Bacillariophyceae) species in inland embayments and outer coastal waters of Washington State, USA. Journal of Phycology, 38:55-65.Go to metadata icon

Taylor, F. J., V. L. Trainer. (Eds.) 2002. Harmful algal blooms in the PICES region of the North Pacific. PICES Scientific Report no. 23. Technical North Pacific Marine Science Organization, Sidney BC V8L 4B2, iii, 152 p.Go to metadata icon

Trainer, V. L., B. M. Hickey, R. A. Horner. 2002. Biological and physical dynamics of domoic acid production off the Washington U.S.A. coast. Limnology and Oceanography, 47:1438-1446.Go to metadata icon

Trainer, V. L. 2002. Harmful algal blooms on the U.S. west coast. Pages 89-118 in Taylor, F. J., V. L. Trainer. (Eds.) Harmful algal blooms in the PICES region of the North Pacific. PICES Scientific Report no. 23.Go to metadata icon

Trainer, V. L. 2002. Marine biology - Unveiling an ocean phantom. Nature, 418:925-926.Go to metadata icon

Wekell, J.C., Trainer, V.L., Ayres, D., and Simons, D. 2002. A study of spatial variability of domoic acid in razor clams: recommendations for resource management on the Washington coast. Harmful Algae 3: 1-9.Go to metadata icon

Juhl, A. R., V. L. Trainer, M. I. Latz. 2001. Effect of fluid shear and irradiance on population growth and cellular toxin content of the dinoflagellate Alexandrium fundyense. Limnology and Oceanography, 46(4):758-764.Go to metadata icon

Trainer, V. L., N. G. Adams, J. C. Wekell. 2001. Domoic acid-producing Pseudo-nitzschia species off the U.S. West Coast associated with toxification events. Pages 46-48 in Hallegraef, G. M. (Ed.) Proceedings of the IX International HAB Conference.Go to metadata icon

Adams, N. G., M. Lesoing, V. L. Trainer. 2000. Environmental conditions associated with domoic acid in razor clams on the Washington coast. Journal of Shellfish Research, 19:1007-1015.Go to metadata icon

Curtis, K. M., V. L. Trainer, S. E. Shumway. 2000. Paralytic shellfish toxins in geoduck clams (Panope abrupta): variability, anatomical distribution, and comparison of two toxin detection methods. Journal of Shellfish Research, 19(1):313-319.Go to metadata icon

Scholin, C. A., F. Gulland, G. Doucette, S. Benson, M. Busman, F. P. Chavez, J. Cordaro, R. DeLong, A. DeVogelaere, C. J. Harvey, M. Haulena, K. A. Lefebvre, T. Lipscomb, S. Loscutoff, L. J. Lowenstine, R. Martin III, P. E. Miller, B. McLellan, P. Moeller, C. L. Powell, T. Rowles, P. Silvagni, M. W. Silver, T. Spraker, V. L. Trainer, F. M. Van Dolah. 2000. The next link will exit from NWFSC web site Mortality of sea lions along the central California coast linked to a toxic diatom bloom. Nature, 403:80-84.Go to metadata icon

Trainer, V. L., M. A. Poli. 2000. Assays for Dinoflagellate Toxins, Specifically Brevetoxin, Ciguatoxin, and Saxitoxin. pp. 1-19. In Rochat, H., M. Martin-Eauclaire. (Eds.) Animal Toxins. Facts and Protocols.Go to metadata icon

Trainer, V. L., N. G. Adams, B. D. Bill, C. M. Stehr, J. C. Wekell, P. Moeller, M. Busman, D. Woodruff. 2000. Domoic acid production near California upwelling zones, June 1998. Limnology and Oceanography, 45(8):401-440.Go to metadata icon

Trainer, V. L., D. G. Baden. 1999. High-affinity binding of red tide neurotoxins to marine mammal brain. Aquatic Toxicology, 46:139-148.Go to metadata icon