Northwest Fisheries Science Center

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Document Type: Journal Article
Center: NWFSC
Document ID: 1628
Title: Follicle-stimulating hormone regulation of ovarian transcripts for steroidogenesis-related proteins and cell survival, growth and differentiation factors in vitro during early secondary oocyte growth in coho salmon
Author: J. A. Luckenbach, Jon T. Dickey, P. Swanson
Publication Year: 2011
Journal: General and Comparative Endocrinology
Volume: 171
Pages: 52-63
DOI: 10.1016/j.ygcen.2010.12.016
Keywords: Follicle-stimulating hormone, gonadotropin, ovary, steroidogenesis, growth factor, puberty onset
Abstract: Little is known about follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) function during oocyte growth in fishes. The goal of this study was to gain a fundamental understanding of FSH action on ovarian follicles during early secondary oocyte growth by examining changes in ovarian gene expression and steroidogenesis in response to FSH. Coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) mid to late cortical alveolus stage follicles were incubated with or without salmon FSH in time-course and concentrationresponse experiments. Steroid levels were determined in the culture medium by immunoassay and levels of target ovarian mRNAs were determined by quantitative RT-PCR. Medium estradiol-17b (E2) levels increased in response to FSH and plateaued by 36 h, while testosterone levels increased similarly but were lower and more variable than E2. Gonadotropin receptor transcripts were differentially regulated, with fshr and lhcgr being down- and up- regulated, respectively. Transcripts encoding proteins involved in steroidogenesis, such as star and hsd3b were significantly upregulated by FSH, whereas aromatase (cyp19a1a) mRNA was unaffected by FSH and declined over time in culture. A recently identified teleost gene, bmp16, was suppressed by FSH and an anti-apoptotic factor, clusterin 1 (clu1), was upregulated by FSH. Lesser FSH effects were observed on igf2, cyp11a1 and cyp17a1, which were stimulated, and igf1ra, inhbb, amh and apoe, which were suppressed. As evident by the significant increases in steroid production and transcripts for specific steroidogenesis-related proteins, FSH influences steroidogenesis during early secondary growth and may be a critical signal for puberty onset. Effects of FSH on ovarian anti-apoptotic and growth factor genes suggest roles for FSH in cell survival, growth and differentiation in teleosts.