Northwest Fisheries Science Center

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Document Type: Chapter or Section
Center: NWFSC
Document ID: 4341
Type of Book: Technical
Section or Chapter Title: Pathogen update: Vibrio species
Book Title: Advances in microbial food safety
Author: M. S. Strom, R. N. Paranjpye, W. B. Nilsson, Jeffrey W. Turner, G. K. Yanagida
Publication Year: 2013
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
Pages: in press
Keywords: Vibrio, seafood, shellfish, oysters, virulence, prediction,Vibrio,seafood,shellfish,oysters,virulence,prediction

Members of the genus Vibrio are common inhabitants of the marine environment, associated with vertebrate and invertebrate animals. Some species cause foodborne illness from seafood such as undercooked or raw fish and shellfish. This review focuses on the current state of knowledge for the human pathogenic Vibrio species. V. parahaemolyticus is the leading cause of bacterial seafood-borne illness worldwide, while V. vulnificus is one of the leading cause of seafood-related deaths. While much research has ascertained potential mechanisms of virulence and contributed to a variety of mitigation strategies, there is a need to improve methods to assess risk and to develop improved early warning systems for public health and resource managers.

Theme: Sustaining Marine Ecosystem and Human Health
Foci: Characterize the exposure risks and effects of pathogens, chemical contaminants, and biotoxins on human and marine animal health using sentinel species and biomedical models
Ensure safe and sustainable seafood for healthy populations.