|Document Type:||Journal Article|
|Title:||HARMFUL ALGAL BLOOM (HAB) SENSORS IN OCEAN OBSERVING SYSTEMS|
|Author:||D. M. Anderson, G. Doucette, Vera L. Trainer, C. A. Scholin, J. Paul, Vera L. Trainer|
|Journal:||Interagency Ocean Observation Committee summit|
|Keywords:||ocean observing system,harmful algal bloom,sensors,heterosigma,alexandrium,biotoxin,|
Harmful algal blooms (HABs), commonly called “red tides”, are increasing worldwide. The diversity of HAB species and their impacts, as well as the oceanographic complexity of these phenomena present significant challenges to the management of coastal resources and the protection of public health. A promising development is the advent of ocean observing systems that can collect and transmit data from remote locations to shore-based scientists and managers. However, HABs represent a biological component of coastal waters that challenges present sensor technologies, in part because of the need for species- or toxin-specific detection. This paper discusses the observing system capabilities or assets that are required for effective HAB monitoring and management, identifies gaps in our current capabilities, highlights emerging technologies and future needs, and considers how we move forward over the next decade.