Northwest Fisheries Science Center

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Document Type: Journal Article
Center: NWFSC
Document ID: 4476
Title: Improving ocean management through the use of ecological principles and intergrated ecosystem assessments
Author: Melissa Foley, M. Armsby, Meg Caldwell, Ashley L. Erickson, J. N. Kittinger, L. B. Crowder, P. S. Levin
Publication Year: 2013
Journal: Bioscience
Volume: 63
Pages: 619-631
Keywords: ecosystem

The US National Ocean Policy calls for ecosystem-based management (EBM) of the ocean to help realize the vision advanced in the 2010
Executive Order on the Stewardship of the Ocean, Our Coasts, and the Great Lakes. However, no specific approach for incorporating EBM
into planning was provided. We explore how a set of ecological principles and ecosystem vulnerability concepts can be integrated into emerging
comprehensive assessment frameworks, including Australia’s National Marine Bioregional Assessments, California’s Marine Life Protection Act
Initiative’s regional profiles, Canada’s Eastern Scotian Shelf Integrated Management Initiative, and the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric
Administration’s (NOAA) Integrated Ecosystem Assessment (IEA) program, to transition to ecosystem-based ocean planning. We examine
NOAA’s IEA framework to demonstrate how these concepts could be incorporated into existing frameworks. Although our discussion is focused
on US ocean policy, comprehensive ecological assessments are applicable to a wide array of management strategies and planning processes.

Theme: Ecosystem Approach to Management for the California Current Large Marine Ecosystem