Northwest Fisheries Science Center

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Document Type: Journal Article
Center: NWFSC
Document ID: 4764
Title: The Sockeye Salmon Neo-Y Chromosome is a Fusion between the Coho Y Chromosome and the Long Arm of Rainbow Trout Omy2
Author: Joshua Faber-Hammond, R. B. Phillips, Linda K. Park
Publication Year: In press
Journal: Cytogenetic and genome research
Volume: 136
Issue: 1
Pages: 69-74
Keywords: salmon

Unlike other Pacific salmon, sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) have an X1X2Y sex chromosome system, with females having a diploid chromosome number of 2n = 58 and males 2n = 57 in all populations examined. To determine the origin of the sockeye Y chromosome, we mapped microsatellite loci from the rainbow trout (O. mykiss; OMY) genetic map, including those found on the Y chromosomes of related spe- cies, in kokanee (i.e. non-anadromous sockeye) crosses. Re- sults showed that 3 microsatellite loci from the long arm of rainbow trout chromosome 8 (OMY8q), linked to SEX (the sex-determining locus) in coho salmon (O. kisutch), are also closely linked to SEX in the kokanee crosses. We also found that 3 microsatellite loci from OMY2q are linked to those markers from OMY8q and SEX in kokanee, with both linkage groups fused to form the neo-Y. These results were con- firmed by physical mapping of BAC clones containing micro- satellite loci from OMY8q and OMY2q to kokanee chromo- somes using fluorescence in situ hybridization. The fusion of OMY2q to the ancestral Y may have resolved sexual conflict and, in turn, may have played a large role in the divergence of sockeye from a shared ancestor with coho.