|Document Type:||Journal Article|
|Title:||Competitive differences between newly emerged offspring of captively reared and wild coho salmon|
|Author:||B. A. Berejikian, E. P. Tezak, S. L. Schroder, Thomas A. Flagg, C. M. Knudsen|
|Journal:||Transactions of the American Fisheries Society|
We investigated competition among newly emerged fry from captive-reared and wild female coho salmon Oncorhynchus kisutch by conducting dominance challenges and growth and survival experiments in laboratory stream channels. Newly emerged fry from captive-reared females won a significant majority (72.7%) of dyadic dominance challenges against fry from wild females. In a growth and survival experiment conducted from emergence to 30 d post-emergence, fewer captive brood fry died of apparent starvation when food was limited than wild fry, further suggesting a competitive advantage for the captive brood fry. All fry used in the study were paternal half-sibs, so observed differences between captive brood and wild fry were attributed to the maternal parent. We hypothesize that fry coloration resulting from differences in egg color between wild and captive-reared females may have influenced the observed competitive asymmetries. If so, such differences might be ameliorated by changes in husbandry practices such as providing more natural diets.