|Document Type:||Journal Article|
|Title:||Roles of olfaction and vision in choice of spawning site by homing adult chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha)|
|Author:||Alan B. Groves, Gerald B. Collins, Parker S. Trefethen|
|Journal:||Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada|
An experiment was conducted to examine the roles of olfaction and vision in directing the choice of spawning site by homing adult chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) on the lower Columbia River. Male fish that voluntarily entered the Spring Creek National Fish Hatchery were treated to occlude their olfactory or visual senses or both. Treated and untreated (control) fish were released upstream and downstream in the river, more than 19 km from the hatchery. Effects were assessed by analyzing returns to the hatchery and to other points. Of 866 fish released, 348 or 40% were recovered; about half of them, or 176 returned to Spring Creek. Three per cent of the olfactory occluded, 23% of the visually occluded, and 46% of the control fish returned to Spring Creek. Of the fish recovered elsewhere, 77% were recovered at hatcheries and spawn–taking sites along the lower Columbia; 23% were recovered from sources unrelated to spawn taking. Olfaction appeared to be the key sense that directed the return of these fish to Spring Creek; vision was held to be less important. Olfactory occlusion also reduced the recoveries at other spawn–taking sites, where blinded fish were recovered in appreciable numbers. Recovery of the control fish, especially the smaller ones, at other spawn–taking sites was associated with advancing sexual maturity.