Northwest Fisheries Science Center

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Document Type: Journal Article
Center: NWFSC
Document ID: 7464
Title: The effects of variation in hatchery rearing conditions on growth, smolt quality and minijack rate in spring Chinook salmon, Oncorhynchus tshawytscha: a hatchery scale experiment in the Hood River Basin, Oregon
Author: D. K. Spangenberg, Donald A. Larsen, Ryan S. Gerstenberger, Chris Brun, Brian R. Beckman
Publication Year: 2015
Journal: North American Journal of Fisheries Management
Volume: 143
Issue: 5
Pages: 1220-1230
DOI: 10.1080/00028487.2014.931304
Keywords: Chinook salmon,hatcheries,smoltification,maturation,
Abstract:

In this investigation a single genetic stock of Hood River, Oregon, Chinook Salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha was reared at three different hatchery facilities over three brood years (2008–2010) and monitored for size, growth rate, gill Na+,K+-ATPase activity, condition factor, whole body energetics, and precocious male maturation (age-2 minijack rate). This experimental design provided a unique opportunity to isolate environmental from genetic effects on salmonid life history. Differences in the seasonal thermal regimes and associated growth profiles among the three facilities resulted in modest differences in smolt development but significant variation in size at release (range = 18 g body weight, 118 mm FL to 31 g body weight, 142 mm FL) and minijack rates (range = 4.8–57.1%) among groups. Previous studies have found a positive relationship between body size at release and minijack rates. However, in this investigation the release group with the largest mean body size consistently had the lowest minijack rates. This unique result may be due to the more natural thermal regime and feeding profile experienced by fish at this facility compared with that of the other two facilities and highlights the importance and potential benefits of adhering to a more “wildlike” growth profile in hatchery supplementation programs.

Description:

Peer reviewed publication describing a three year physiology study of spring Chinook salmon conducted in the Hood River basin of Oregon entitled:  The effects of variation in hatchery rearing conditions on growth, smolt quality and minijack rate in spring Chinook salmon, Oncorhynchus tshawytscha: a hatchery scale experiment in the Hood River Basin, Oregon

Theme: Recovery and rebuilding of marine and coastal species
Foci: Evaluate the effects of artificial propagation on recovery, rebuilding and sustainability of marine and anadromous species.
Official Citation:

Spangenberg, D.K., D.A. Larsen, R. Gerstenberger, C. Brun, D.L. Harstad, S. Nance, L. Rohrbach, B.R. Beckman. 2015.  Stock differences in growth, smolting, and early male maturation in hatchery spring Chinook salmon: a common garden experiment.  North American Journal of Fisheries Management.  35:6, 1090-1100, DOI: 10.1080/02755947.2015.1079574