Northwest Fisheries Science Center

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Document Type: Chapter or Section
Center: NWFSC
Document ID: 7472
Type of Book: Technical
Section or Chapter Title: Living with Harmful Algal Blooms in a Changing World: Strategies for Modeling and Mitigating Their Effects in Coastal Marine Ecosystems
Book Title: Coastal and Marine Hazards, Risks, and Disasters
Series Title: Hazards and Disasters Series
Edition: 1
Author: Clarissa R. Anderson, Stephanie K. Moore, Michelle C. Tomlinson, Joe Silke, Caroline Cusack
Editor: J. Ellis, D. Sherman (Eds.)
Publication Year: 2015
Publisher: Elsevier
Pages: 495-561
Keywords: harmful algal bloom,climate,modeling,mitigation

In this chapter, we link issues concerning the key drivers of HABs with the various approaches for minimizing their negative impacts, emphasizing the use of numerical modeling techniques to bridge the gap between observations and predictive understanding. First, we review recent studies on the environmental pressures that promote HABs; prominent strategies for preventing or controlling blooms; and modeling methods, specifically addressing harmful algal species dynamics, and their use as a predictive tool to facilitate mitigation. Next, several coastal regions are highlighted where the mitigation of HABs is generally approached from a regional Earth system and observation framework. Such a framework ideally merges traditional monitoring methods, networked arrays, satellite observations, autonomous platforms, predictive models, and local-to-regional governance to mitigate impacts on human populations and ecosystems. In some instances, this approach may necessitate adaptive management for optimal resource use. Lastly, we summarize future directions for “living with” HABs in an era of limited financial resources for ocean observing.

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Theme: Sustainable, safe and secure seafood for healthy populations and vibrant communities
Foci: Provide scientific support to ensure safe seafood for healthy populations and characterize how human activities and climate affect risks from pathogens, chemical contaminants and biotoxins
Official Citation:

Anderson, C.R., Moore, S.K., Tomlinson, M.C., Silke, J., Cusack, C., 2015. Living with harmful algal blooms in a changing world: strategies for modeling and mitigating their effects in coastal marine ecosystems, In: Ellis, J.T., Sherman, D.J. (Eds.), Coastal and Marine Hazards, Risks, and Disasters, Hazards and Disasters Series. Elsevier, pp. 495-561.