Northwest Fisheries Science Center

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Document Type: Book
Center: NWFSC
Document ID: 8751
Type of Book: Technical
Title: Conservation for the Anthropocene Ocean: Interdisciplinary Science for People and Nature
Author/Editor: P. S. Levin, Melissa R. Poe
Publication Year: 2017
Publisher: Acadmic Press
Keywords: anthropocene,marine conservation,interdisciplinary integration,social ecological system,
Abstract:

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Description:

In the Anthropocene, society is reshaping the oceans through its choices and behaviors.  Though humans have intentionally and unintentionally reshaped their environments for thousands of years, the scale and scope of human influence upon the oceans is unprecedented. Ocean science has increased our knowledge of the threats and impacts to ecological integrity, yet the unique scale and scope of changes increases uncertainty about responses of dynamic socio-ecological systems. Thus, to understand and protect the biodiversity of the ocean, and to ameliorate the negative impacts of ocean change on people, we need to understand human beliefs, values, behaviors, and impacts.  Conversely, on a human-dominated planet, it is impossible to understand and address human well-being, and chart a course for sustainable use of the oceans, without understanding the implications of environmental change for human societies that depend on marine ecosystems and resources. Thus, now is the time for an interdisciplinary approach to the conservation of our oceans. Understanding how and why social and environmental processes are coupled is profoundly important for our quest to achieve healthy and sustainable oceans.

Marine conservation scientists apply principles from oceanography, ecology, anthropology, economics, political science, and other natural and social sciences to manage and preserve marine biodiversity.  A central challenge facing conservation is to develop practical means for addressing the interdependence of ecosystems and human well-being, advancing the fundamental interdisciplinary science that underlies conservation practice, and implementing this science in decisions to manage, preserve and restore ocean ecosystems.

The focus of this book is first and foremost on advancing interdisciplinary conservation science with the goal of protecting nature and especially the Earth’s marine biota. It contains a substantial emphasis on high

Theme: Ecosystem approach to improve management of marine resources