Northwest Fisheries Science Center

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Document Type: Journal Article
Center: NWFSC
Document ID: 9264
Title: Collective Rights-Based Fishery Management (CRBFM) ¿ A Path to Ecosystem-Based Fishery Management
Author: Daniel S. Holland
Publication Year: 2018
Journal: Annual Review of Resource Economics
Keywords: Rights-based fishery management, catch shares, collectives, cooperatives, ecosystem-based fishery management, EBFM,

Rights-based fishery management has been widely adopted around the world and has been shown to promote both profitability and conservation of fisheries. Many rights-based systems allocate catch rights to individuals in the form or individual transferable quotas (ITQs), but fishery rents may be dissipated across margins that are not well defined or controlled by a standard ITQ regime, and collective action may be the most effective means to address some of these issues. Collective rights-based fishery management (CRBFM) organizations, in which catch rights are held or managed by a group such as a cooperative or community, can sometimes generate greater benefits from fisheries and may also be useful in addressing external impacts of the fishery.  I review the literature and discuss potential failures of IFQs at addressing some sources of rent dissipation in fisheries and how these problems were addressed by CRBFM institutions. I then focus on the role of CRBFM in addressing environmental and social impacts external to the group of fishers. I use examples from fisheries in several countries to illustrate the motivations, benefits, and complications of CRBFM with specific focus on collectives managing external impacts of fisheries such as bycatch, habitat impacts, and spatial conflicts between user groups.  From these examples I identify a number of common problems these groups address and draw some general insights about effective design of CRBFM institutions focused on external impacts.


This paper reviews literature and presents case studies of collective rights based management institutions that address a number of externalities not addressed by standard individual quota systems. The focus of the paper is mainly on addressing environmental impacts external to the fisheries themselves. The paper shows that collective rights based fishery management institutions can sometimes address these issues more effectively than a top-down regulatory approach and may be incentivized to do so by social and political pressure.

Theme: Sustainable, safe and secure seafood for healthy populations and vibrant communities
Foci: Support effective catch share management and evaluation
Official Citation:

Holland, D.S. 2018. Collective Rights-Based Fishery Management (CRBFM) ¿ A Path to Ecosystem-Based Fishery Management. Annual Review of Resource Economics, Forthcoming.