Northwest Fisheries Science Center

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Document Type: Chapter or Section
Center: NWFSC
Document ID: 9271
Type of Book: Technical
Section or Chapter Title: Shark Interactions With Directed and Incidental Fisheries in the Northeast Pacific Ocean: Historic and Current Encounters, and Challenges for Shark Conservation
Book Title: Northeast Pacific Shark Biology, Research, and Conservation, Part B
Series Title: Advances in Marine Biology
Edition: First Edition
Author: Jacquelyne R. King, Gordon A. McFarlane, V. V. Gertseva, Jason Gasper, Sean E. Matson, Cindy A. Tribuzio
Series Editor: Shawn Larson, Dayv Lowry
Publication Year: 2017
City: London, United Kingdom
Publisher: Academic Press
Volume: 78
Pages: 9-44

For over 100 years, sharks have been encountered, as either directed catch or incidental catch, in commercial fisheries throughout the Northeast Pacific Ocean. A long-standing directed fishery for North Pacific Spiny Dogfish (Squalus suckleyi) has occurred and dominated shark landings and discards. Other fisheries, mainly for shark livers, have historically targeted species including Bluntnose Sixgill Shark (Hexanchus griseus) and Tope Shark (Galeorhinus galeus). While incidental catches of numerous species have occurred historically, only recently have these encounters been reliably enumerated in commercial and recreational fisheries. In this chapter we present shark catch statistics (directed and incidental) for commercial and recreational fisheries from Canadian waters (off British Columbia), southern US waters (off California, Oregon, and Washington), and northern US waters (off Alaska). In total, 17 species of sharks have collectively been encountered in these waters. Fishery encounters present conservation challenges for shark management, namely, the need for accurate catch statistics, stock delineation, life history parameter estimates, and improved assessments methods for population status and trends. Improvements in management and conservation of shark populations will only come with the further development of sound science-based fishery management practices for both targeted and incidental shark fisheries.

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Theme: Recovery and rebuilding of marine and coastal species
Foci: Describe the relationships between human activities and species recovery, rebuilding and sustainability.