U.S. Dept Commerce/NOAA/NMFS/NWFSC/Publications

NOAA Tech Memo NMFS F/NWC-200: Snake River Chinook Salmon (cont):

APPENDIX 1

Data Summaries

Appendix 1 Table.
Spring and summer chinook salmon redd counts and areas indexed in the Snake River, 1957-90.



Year
Tucannon
River
Grande
Ronde
S. Fork
Salmon
M. Fork
Salmon
Salmon
River
Imnaha
River

Total
1990 24 184 497 203 273 43 1,224
1989 22 122 357 142 325 40 1,008
1988 25 641 1,010 977 607 135 3,395
1987 66 532 945 471 678 112 2,804
1986 43 323 457 383 494 127 1,827
1985 82 393 503 378 318 145 1,819
1984 - 187 203 188 188 121 887
1983 52 220 346 169 533 95 1,415
1982 46 265 213 121 304 129 1,078
1981 75 122 224 205 722 99 1,447
1980 46 199 160 47 128 40 620
1979 - 100 171 195 536 52 1,054
1978 - 546 455 850 4,389 514 6,754
1977 19 247 334 389 1,742 143 2,874
1976 13 435 326 252 876 127 2,029
1975 37 275 317 744 1,695 149 3,217
1974 18 489 346 540 1,416 277 3,086
1973 24 912 931 1,426 2,385 520 6,198
1972 23 840 884 1,026 2,755 336 5,864
1971 6 996 684 731 2,108 366 4,891
1970 62 990 720 1,296 1,922 176 5,166
1969 61 1,205 1,013 1,278 1,571 176 5,304
1968 18 915 700 1,890 3,043 302 6,868
1967 40 781 1,328 1,812 3,616 215 7,792
1966 65 932 1,230 1,783 3,269 223 7,502
1965 24 637 906 1,192 1,835 189 4,783
1964 61 918 1,615 2,219 3,479 250 8,542
1963 21 - 1,486 2,260 2,513 133 6,413
1962 52 - 2,176 1,812 3,559 248 7,847
1961 102 - 1,463 2,311 4,667 221 8,764
1960 42 - 3,347 1,620 3,697 323 9,029
1959 27 - 1,884 1,284 1,899 115 5,209
1958 54 - 1,983 1,477 2,266 129 5,909
1957 127 - 3,505 2,686 6,015 747 13,080


Index areas:



Appendix 1 List A

Summary of Life History Characteristics for Wild Spring and Summer Chinook Salmon of the Snake River Excluding the Clearwater River

  1. Age at spawning
  2. Sex ratio
  3. Fecundity
  4. Egg to smolt survival
  5. Smolt to adult survival
    No data are available for individual streams or drainages. However, Raymond (1979) estimated 4-5% smolt-to-adult survival for wild smolts arriving at Ice Harbor Dam from 1966 to 1968. From 1969 to 1975, survival ranged from 0.4 to 3.5%. These estimates do not take into account any smolt mortality between rearing areas and the first dams.
  6. Smolt migration timing at dams
  7. Adult run-timing

Appendix 1 List B

Summary of Outplantings of Spring and Summer Chinook Salmon in the Snake River

Tucannon River System

Tucannon River -- 10,500 spring chinook from Willamette in 1964
-- 16,000 spring chinook from Klickitat in 1962

Clearwater River System

(1961-1989)

Lochsa River System

Big Flat Creek -- 117,482 spring chinook from Rapid River from 1988 to 1989
Boulder Creek -- 441,731 spring chinook from Rapid River (68.2%) and Sawtooth (31.8%) from 1986 to 1989
Brushy Creek -- no outplants since 1978
-- 1.1 million spring chinook from Mullan (94.5%) and Rapid River (5.5%) from 1972 and 1976-1978
Brushy Fork -- 1.1 million spring chinook from Hayden Creek (51.7%) and Rapid River (48.3%) from 1981, 1986, and 1988-89
Crooked Fork -- 1.3 million spring chinook mainly from Rapid River (61%) and Mullan (35%), of which 745,044 (57%) were released from 1986 to 1989
Hopeful Creek -- 102,308 spring chinook from Rapid River from 1988 to 1989
Lochsa River -- 154 adults were released from returns to the Running Creek Channel in 1989
-- 2 million spring chinook from seven different stocks from 1971 to 1979
Pappose Creek -- no outplants since 1972
-- 14,900 spring chinook from Rapid River in 1972
Post Office Creek -- no outplants since 1973
-- 49,900 spring chinook from Sandpoint (70.1%) and Rapid River (29.9%) from 1972 to 1973
Squaw Creek -- no outplants since 1978
-- 191,000 spring chinook from Mullan in 1978
-- 74,700 spring chinook from Rapid River (59.8%) and Sandpoint (40.2%) from 1972 to 1973
Warm Spring Creek -- no outplants since 1962
-- 250,800 fall chinook from Oxbow in 1962
Wendover -- no outplants since 1970
-- 7,000 spring chinook from Rapid River/Sweetwater in 1970
White Sands Creek -- 2.45 million spring chinook from five stocks, of which 2.2 million (91.1%) were released from 1986 to 1989

Selway River System
Bear Creek -- no outplants since 1969
-- 2 million spring chinook from Carson from 1963 to 1969
-- 390,985 spring/summer chinook from Sweetwater/Salmon stock in 1962
Deep Creek -- no outplants since 1980
-- 1.5 million spring chinook mainly from Indian Creek (64.7%) and Carson (31.2%) were released prior to 1981
Goat Creek -- no outplants since 1969
-- 50,688 spring chinook from Carson in 1969
Indian Creek -- no outplants since 1975
-- 9.6 million spring chinook from six stocks prior to 1976
Moose Creek -- no outplants since 1973
-- 316,465 spring chinook mainly from Carson (82.7%) prior to 1974
Running Creek -- no outplants since 1970
-- 2.1 million spring chinook from four stocks from 1965 to 1970
-- 570,162 spring/summer chinook from Salmon stock in 1964
Selway River -- no outplants since 1980
-- 11 million spring chinook from 7 stocks from 1969 to 1980
-- 501,134 fall chinook from Spring Creek in 1961
Selway River (Lower) -- 1.4 million fall chinook from Spring Creek (71.4%) and Oxbow (28.6%) from 1962 to 1963
-- 1.5 million spring chinook from Spring Creek in 1966
Selway River (Upper) -- 1.2 million spring chinook and 1.8 million spring/summer chinook from four stocks were released prior to 1969
Whitecap Creek -- no outplants since 1980
-- 2.2 million spring chinook from three stocks were released prior to 1981

South Fork of the Clearwater River
American River -- 346,071 spring chinook from Rapid River (76.4%) and Dworshak (23.6%) from 1988 to 1989
-- 143,472 spring chinook Rapid River (54.7%) and Kooskia (45.3%) from 1972 to 1973
Crooked River -- 1.4 million spring chinook from three stocks from 1986 to 1989
-- 6.6 million spring chinook from three stocks prior to 1978
Meadow Creek -- 139,263 spring chinook from Rapid River from 1988 to 1989
Newsome -- 399,776 spring chinook mainly from Rapid River (78.8%) from 1986 to 1989
-- 503,022 spring chinook from four stocks prior to 1979
Red River -- 7.3 million spring chinook from nine stocks from 1970 to 1989
South Fork of the Clearwater -- no outplants since 1979
-- 573,519 spring chinook from Rapid River from 1973 to 1979
Ten Mile Creek -- 400,093 spring chinook from Rapid River from 1986 and 1988 to 1989
-- 336,030 spring chinook from Rapid River (68.3%) and Mullan (31.7%) prior to 1980
West Fork of Newsome Creek -- 100,097 spring chinook from Rapid River in 1989

Main Stem of the Clearwater River
Clear Creek -- 5.5 million spring chinook mainly from Kooskia (94.4%) between 1978 and 1989
-- 833,186 spring chinook from Kooskia prior to 1977
Clearwater River -- no outplants since 1987
-- 3.0 million spring chinook mainly from Dworshak (75.3%) from 1983 to 1987
-- 73,234 spring chinook from Kooskia in 1978
Eldorado Creek -- 717,275 spring chinook from three stocks from 1986 to 1989
Elk Creek -- no outplants since 1968
-- 56,960 spring chinook from Carson in 1968
Lolo Creek -- 444,489 spring chinook from three stocks from 1986 to 1989
-- 104,500 spring chinook in 1977
Middle Fork of the Clearwater -- no outplants since 1981
-- 4.75 million spring chinook from Kooskia from 1974 to 1979
-- 373,450 fall chinook from Mullan in 1967
North Fork of the Clearwater -- 8.1 million spring chinook from Dworshak from 1982 to 1989

Grande Ronde River System

(1980-88)

Big Canyon Creek -- 542,288 spring chinook from Carson (65.5%) and Lookingglass/Carson (34.4%) from 1984 to 1988
Catherine Creek -- 1.1 million spring chinook mainly from Carson from 1982 to 1988
Lookingglass Creek -- 7.1 million spring chinook mainly from Carson (64.9%) and Rapid River (22.7%) from 1980 to 1988 < br> -- 123,530 summer chinook from Imnaha (with Erythrocytic Inclusion Body Syndrome) in 1987
Grande Ronde River -- 379,450 spring chinook from Carson in 1986
Upper Grande Ronde River -- 111,711 spring chinook from Lookingglass/Carson in 1987 < br>-- 502,642 spring chinook from Carson in 1984

Salmon River System

(1961-19)

South Fork of the Salmon River

Cabin Creek -- 1 million summer chinook from South Fork stock in 1988
East Fork of the South Fork -- 402,100 summer chinook from South Fork stock from 1988 to 1989
Johnson Creek -- 1.2 million summer chinook from South Fork stock from 1985 to 1989
Rock Creek -- 6,178 summer chinook from South Fork stock in 1987
Sand Creek -- 215,046 summer chinook from South Fork stock from 1987 to 1989
South Fork -- 6.3 million summer chinook from South Fork stock from 1976 to 1989, of which 4.3 million (68.9%) were from 1985 to 1989
Summit Creek (Secesh River) -- 57 adults of unknown stock in 1968

Middle Fork of the Salmon River
Capehorn Creek -- 22,000 spring chinook from Rapid River in 1975

Main Salmon River--below Stanley
East Fork (SR) -- 946,457 (90.4% of all outplants) spring chinook from Sawtooth from 1986 to 1989
-- 167 of these were adults released in 1987 and 1989
Hayden Creek -- there has been no outplanting since 1986
-- 2.89 million spring chinook mainly (98.7%) from Hayden Creek stock from 1970 to 1982
-- 552 spring chinook from Pahsimeroi, including 24 adults, were released in 1986
Indian Creek -- 50,400 spring chinook from the Hayden Creek Exp. Hatchery in 1978
Lemhi River -- Except for 35 spring chinook adults from Pahsimeroi released in 1989, all 3.5 million outplants were prior to 1979 [stocks were Hayden Creek (31.6%), Kooskia (0.8%), Rapid River (64.0%), and Sweetwater/Salmon River (3.6%)]
Little Salmon River -- 302,140 (99.6%) spring chinook from Rapid River from 1988 to 1989
North Fork -- 45,360 spring chinook from Rapid River in 1977
Pahsimeroi River -- 1983-89--4 million (61.0%) outplants of which 52.4% were spring chinook and 47.6% were summer chinook; 1984-86--the stock was Pahsimeroi; 1983,87-89--the stock was a mixture of Pahsimeroi and South Fork
-- 2.6 million were released from 1970 to 1978 of which 10.3% were spring chinook and 89.7% were summer chinook and all were Pahsimeroi stock
Pahsimeroi River (William Creek) -- 72,090 spring chinook from Pahsimeroi in 1979
Panther Creek -- two outplantings--46,305 spring chinook from Rapid River in 1977
-- 3,383 spring chinook adults from Pahsimeroi in 1986
Rapid River -- 53.6 million spring chinook from Rapid River from 1966 to 1989, of which 15 million (28.2%) from 1984 to 1989
Salmon River (Idaho County) -- 8,371 spring chinook from U.S. Hagerman (81.5%) and Rapid River (18.5%) stocks from 1973 to 1974
Valley Creek -- 102,934 spring chinook from Salmon River stock in 1978
West Fork (SR) -- 618,120 spring chinook from Rapid River from 1977 to 1978
Yankee Fork -- 1.7 million spring chinook mainly from Sawtooth (70.1%) and Pahsimeroi (22.6%) stocks from 1978 to 1989, of which 1.65 million (95.6%) were from 1985 to 1989

Main Salmon River--above Stanley

Alturas Lake Creek -- 51,000 spring chinook from Sawtooth in 1989
Beaver Creek -- 10,447 spring chinook from Rapid River in 1974
-- 19 adults from Sawtooth released in 1985
-- 27,800 spring chinook eggs from Sawtooth in 1987
Frenchman Creek -- 44 spring chinook adults from Sawtooth from 1987 to 1988
Pole Creek -- 95,500 spring chinook from Sawtooth from 1988 to 1989
-- 32 adults from Sawtooth were released in 1988
Red Fish Lake Creek/Beaver Creek -- no outplants since 1987
-- 2.35 million (69.9%) spring chinook from Salmon River (34.8%) and Sawtooth (65.2%) stocks from 1983 to 1987
Salmon River (Custer County) -- 5.0 million (48.6%) spring chinook from Sawtooth from 1987 to 1989
-- 5.3 million (51.4%) spring chinook prior to 1987 (beginning in 1968)
Smiley Creek -- 95,500 spring chinook from Sawtooth from 1988 to 1989

Imnaha River System


Imnaha River -- 4,258 spring chinook from Lookingglass in 1984
-- 119 adult spring chinook from Hell's Canyon Trap in 1966

Upper Snake River

(1962-89)
Boise River -- 2,000 fall chinook from Eagle-Oxbow in 1962
Snake River -- Fall chinook--3.4 million prior to 1984-62 from Eagle-Oxbow (0.5%)--1964 from Hagerman Nat'l (7.3%) and Oxbow Dam (14.5%)--1965-67 from Oxbow (75.4%)--1983 from U.S. Hagerman (2.3%)
-- Spring chinook--3.8 million from 1981-89--3.3 million from Rapid River (88.2%)--444,700 (11.8%) from Pahsimeroi in 1987.

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