U.S. Dept Commerce/NOAA/NMFS/NWFSC/Publications
NOAA-NWFSC Tech Memo-27: Status Review of West Coast Steelhead
Appendix C. Major Federal, State, and Tribal steelhead production facilities currently operating in Washington, Idaho, Oregon, and California, organized by evolutionarily significant unit (ESU). Operators: WDFW=Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Tribe=Tribal Agency, USFWS=U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, ODFW=Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, CDFG=California Department of Fish and Game, and IDFG=Idaho Department of Fish and Game. Type: SP=smolt production, ET=egg taking station (Crawford 1979, Wahle and Smith 1979, Delarm and Smith 1990a-d, Christianson 1993, Hutchison 1993, Shelldrake 1993, Wold 1993, NWIFC 1994).
ESU      

River Basin

Facility name
Facility
type

Operator
Year of
start-upa

1-Puget Sound
Skagit River Barnaby Slough Pond SP WDFW 1960
Upper Skagit Hatchery SP Upper Skagit Tribe 1986
Stillaguamish River Stillaguamish Hatchery SP Stillaguamish Tribe 1991
Whitehorse Ponds SP WDFW 1962
Skykomish River Skykomish Ponds SP WDFW 1974
Snoqualmie River Tokul Creek Hatchery SP WDFW 1951
Green River Keta Creek Hatchery SP WDFW 1969
Muckleshoot Hatchery SP Muckleshoot Tribe 1981
Puyallup River Puyallup Tribal Hatchery SP Puyallup Tribe 1980
Puyallup Hatchery SP WDFW 1947
Chambers Creek Chambers Creek Hatchery ET/SP WDFW 1945
South Tacoma Hatchery ET WDFW 1984
Elson Creek Elson Creek Hatchery SP Squaxin Island Tribe 1982
Skokomish River Shelton Hatchery SP WDFW 1947
Elwha River Lower Elwha Hatchery SP Lower Elwha Tribe 1977
2-Olympic Peninsula
Hoko River Hoko River Hatchery SP Makah Tribe 1986
Sooes River Makah NFHb SP USFWS 1986
Sol Duc Riverc Sol Duc Pond SP WDFW 1977
Bogachiel River Bogachiel Pond SP WDFW 1967
Quillayute River Quileute Hatchery SP Quileute Tribe 1982
Hoh River Chalaat Creek Hatchery SP Hoh Tribe 1978
Quinault River Lake Quinault Hatchery SP Quinault Tribe 1974
Quinault NFH SP USFWS 1968

ESU

River Basin

Facility name
Facility
type

Operator
Year of
start-upa

3-Southwest Washington
Chehalis River Aberdeen Hatchery SP WDFW 1951
Skookumchuck Pond SP WDFW 1973
Columbia River Klaskanine Hatchery SP ODFW 1911
Big Creek Hatchery ET/SP ODFW 1941
Gnat Creek Hatchery SP ODFW 1911
Beaver Creek Hatchery SP WDFW 1957
4-Lower Columbia River
Cowlitz River Cowlitz Hatchery SP WDFW 1967
Kalama River Gobar Pond SP WDFW 1975
Clackamas River Clackamas Hatchery SP ODFW 1979
Eagle Creek NFH SP USFWS 1957
Columbia River Vancouver Hatchery SP WDFW 1936
Washougal River Skamania Hatchery SP WDFW 1956
5-Upper Willamette River
Willamette River Willamette Hatchery SP ODFW 1922
Santiam River Marion Forks Hatchery SP ODFW 1951
Roaring River Hatchery SP ODFW 1925
South Santiam Hatchery SP ODFW 1923
McKenzie River Leaburg Hatchery SP ODFW 1953
McKenzie Hatchery SP ODFW 1975
6-Oregon Coast
Nehalem River Nehalem Hatchery SP ODFW 1968
Nestucca River Cedar Creek Hatchery SP ODFW 1935
Alsea River Alsea Hatchery SP ODFW 1937
North Umpqua River Rock Creek Hatchery SP ODFW 1922
Coquille River Bandon Hatchery SP ODFW 1924
7-Klamath Mountains Province
Elk River Elk River Hatchery SP ODFW 1969
Rogue River Cole Rivers Hatchery SP ODFW 1972
Klamath River Iron Gate Hatchery SP CDFG 1966
Trinity River Trinity Hatchery SP CDFG 1963

ESU

River Basin

Facility name
Facility
type

Operator
Year of
start-upa

8-Northern California
Mad River Mad River Hatchery SP CDFG 1971
Eel River Van Arsdale Fisheries Station ET CDFG 1907
9-Central California Coast
Russian River Warm Springs Hatchery ET CDFG 1980
10-South-Central California Coast
-none-
11-Southern California
-none-
12-Central Valley
Sacramento River Coleman NFH SP USFWS 1942
American River Nimbus Hatchery SP CDFG 1955
Feather River Feather River Hatchery SP CDFG 1967
Mokelumne River Mokelumne River Fish Installation SP CDFG 1964
13-Middle Columbia River
Deschutes River Oak Springs Hatchery SP ODFW 1923
Round Butte Hatchery SP ODFW 1974
Columbia River Irrigon Hatchery SP ODFW 1984
Ringold Hatchery ET/SP WDFW 1962
Touchet River Dayton Pond SP WDFW 1987
Yakima River Nelson Hatchery SP WDFW 1958
Yakima Hatchery SP WDFW 1937
Naches River Naches Hatchery SP WDFW 1922
14-Upper Columbia River
Columbia River Chelan Hatchery SP WDFW 1965
Eastbank Pond SP WDFW 1989
Turtle Rock Pond SP WDFW 1990
Wells Hatchery ET/SP WDFW 1967
Wenatchee River Leavenworth NFH SP USFWS 1941

ESU

River Basin

Facility name
Facility
type

Operator
Year of
start-upa

15-Snake River Basin
Clearwater River Clearwater Hatchery SP IDFG 1992
Dworshak NFH ET/SP USFWS 1969
Grande Ronde River Cottonwood Pond SP WDFW 1984
Pahsimeroi River Pahsimeroi Hatchery ET IDFG 1969
Salmon River Salmon River Hatchery ET IDFG 1984
Snake River Hagerman NFH SP USFWS 1933
Lyons Ferry Hatchery ET/SP WDFW 1982
Magic Valley Hatchery SP IDFG 1987
Niagara Springs Hatchery SP IDFG 1966
Oxbow Hatchery ET IDFG 1962
Tucannon River Curl Lake Hatchery SP WDFW 1984
Wallowa River Big Canyon Pond SP ODFW 1987
Wallowa Hatchery ET/SP ODFW 1985

aDiscrepancies in start-up date were found in the literature for several of the listed facilities. Additionally, some facilities began as trout hatcheries, then shifted to steelhead production; where this occurred, the date given is the beginning of the steelhead program.

bNFH = National Fish Hatchery.

cThe name of this river has two common spellings. Prior to 1992, the accepted spelling was Soleduck River; in 1992, the spelling was officially changed to Sol Duc River by the State of Washington Board on Geographic Names, P.O. Box 47032, Olympia, WA 98504-7032.