U.S. Dept Commerce/NOAA/NMFS/NWFSC/Publications
NOAA-NWFSC Tech Memo-27: Status Review of West Coast Steelhead

Appendix D. Hatchery steelhead releases, listed by evolutionarily significant unit (ESU). The period of record indicates the time frame of available data; actual releases during that period did not necessarily occur annually.


ESU      

Receiving water body

Run*

Released stock
Period of
record
Total
released

References

1-Puget Sound
Nooksack River W Chambers Creek 1981-94 1,603,290WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
Lummi Bay W Quinault 1983-8671,274 WDF et al. 1993, NWIFC 1994
Samish River W Chambers Creek 1981-94 445,149WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
Skagit River S Skamania 1981-94273,800 WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
W Chambers Creek and local stock 1981-94 3,904,374Huew et al. 1990, WDF et al. 1993, NWIFC 1994, WDFW 1994a
Stillaguamish River S Skamania 1981-94820,268 Huew et al. 1990, WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
W Chambers Creek 1981-94 1,575,648WDF et al. 1993, NWIFC 1994, WDFW 1994a
Snohomish River S Skamania 1981-942,007,939 WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
W Chambers Creek and local stock 1981-94 4,585,274WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
Lake Washington W Chambers Creek 1981-94 759,701WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
Green River S Skamania 1981-94821,034 WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
W Chambers Creek and Green River 1981-94 3,100,354WDF et al. 1993, NWIFC 1994, WDFW 1994a
Puyallup River W Chambers Creek 1981-94 2,269,127WDF et al. 1993, NWIFC 1994, WDFW 1994a
W Quinault 1981-94514,322 WDF et al. 1993, NWIFC 1994, WDFW 1994a
Chambers Creek W Chambers Creek 1981-94 2,369,580WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
Nisqually River S Skamania 1982-93225,369 WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
Deschutes River S Skamania 1982-92198,348 WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
W Chambers Creek 1981-94 348,594WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
South Sound streams W Chambers Creek and Quinault 1981-94 945,750WDF et al. 1993, NWIFC 1994, WDFW 1994a
Dewatto River W Chambers Creek 1982-90 99,770WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
Tahuya River W Chambers Creek 1982-93 119,166WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
Union River W Chambers Creek 1981-94 115,788WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
Skokomish River W Chambers Creek and Quinault 1981-94 877,581WDF et al. 1993, NWIFC 1994, WDFW 1994a
Duckabush River W Chambers Creek 1981-94 192,509WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
Dosewallips River W Chambers Creek 1981-94 225,830WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
Quilcene River W Chambers Creek and Bogachiel/Chambers Creek 1982-90 86,260WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
Snow Creek W Chambers Creek 1991-93 3,498WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
Dungeness River S Skamania 1981-9497,317 WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
W Chambers Creek 1981-94 203,077WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
Morse Creek W Bogachiel/Chambers Creek 1981-94 177,899WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
Elwha River S Skamania 1982-90221,679 WDF et al. 1993, NWIFC 1994, WDFW 1994a
W Bogachiel/Chambers Creek and Elwha 1981-94 1,002,519WDF et al. 1993, NWIFC 1994, WDFW 1994a
2-Olympic Peninsula
Lyre River S Skamania 1981-9496,133 WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
W Bogachiel/Chambers Creek 1981-94 268,788WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
Pysht River W Hoko River 1981-94 122,802WDF et al. 1993, NWIFC 1994, WDFW 1994a
Clallam River W Hoko River 1981-94 74,715WDF et al. 1993, NWIFC 1994, WDFW 1994a
Hoko River W Hoko River and Bogachiel/Chambers Creek 1981-94 167,631WDF et al. 1993, NWIFC 1994, WDFW 1994a
Sekiu River W Hoko River and Bogachiel/Chambers Creek 1989-92 19,817WDF et al. 1993, NWIFC 1994, WDFW 1994a
Sail River W Hoko River 1989-92 38,133WDF et al. 1993, NWIFC 1994, WDFW 1994a
Waatch River W Hoko River and Sooes River 1985-92 394,548WDF et al. 1993, NWIFC 1994, WDFW 1994a
Sooes River W Sooes River 1983-92 808,945WDF et al. 1993, NWIFC 1994, WDFW 1994a
Quillayute River S Skamania 1981-94453,497 WDF et al. 1993, NWIFC 1994, WDFW 1994a
W Bogachiel/Chambers Creek and Quinault 1981-94 1,505,918WDF et al. 1993, NWIFC 1994, WDFW 1994a
Hoh River W Hoh River and Quinault 1981-94 1,635,774WDF et al. 1993, NWIFC 1994, WDFW 1994a
Queets River W Quinault 1980-921,416,125 WDF et al. 1993, NWIFC 1994, WDFW 1994a
Quinault River W Quinault 1980-9413,949,904 WDF et al. 1993, NWIFC 1994, WDFW 1994a
Raft River W Quinault 1981-92566,075 WDF et al. 1993, NWIFC 1994, WDFW 1994a
Moclips River W Quinault 1981-91143,226 WDF et al. 1993, NWIFC 1994, WDFW 1994a
Copalis River W Quinault 198550,000 WDF et al. 1993, NWIFC 1994, WDFW 1994a

ESU

Receiving water body

Run*

Released stock
Period of
record
Total
released

References

3-Southwest Washington
Lewis and Clark River W Big Creek 1980-94 647,287ODFW 1994c
Humptulips River S Skamania 1981-94268,095 WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
W Bogachiel/Chambers Creek, Chambers Creek, and Quinault 1981-94 2,634,641WDF et al. 1993, NWIFC 1994, WDFW 1994a
Hoquiam River W Wishkah River 1981-94 113,970WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
Wynoochee River S Skamania 1981-941,073,949 WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
W Chambers Creek 1981-94 3,985,971WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
North River W Shelton 1981-94313,746 WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
Willapa River S Skamania 1986-9149,518 WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
W Shelton 1981-94780,101 WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
Nemah River W Shelton 1981-94125,899 WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
Naselle River W Shelton 1981-94392,842 WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
Klaskanine River W Big Creek 1981-94 830,316ODFW 1994c
Grays River W Grays River 1981-94 540,341WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
Big Creek W Big Creek 1980-94 944,484ODFW 1994c
Rock Creek W Washougal 1989-91 27,784ODFW 1994c
Gnat Creek S South Santiam River 1980-91 85,786ODFW 1994c
Skamokawa Creek W Beaver Creek 1980-94 107,397ODFW 1994c
Elochoman River S Skamania 1980-94382,049 ODFW 1994c
W Beaver Creek 1980-94 1,538,318ODFW 1994c
Clatskanie River S South Santiam River 19815,010 ODFW 1994c
W Big Creek 1980-94 441,704ODFW 1994c
Germany Creek W Beaver Creek 1981-94 164,170WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
Abernathy Creek W Beaver Creek 1981-94 73,052WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
Coal Creek W Beaver Creek 1984-93 20,250WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
Lower Columbia River S South Santiam River 1980-89 435,597ODFW 1994c
S Columbia Basin 1981-94 3,738,769WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
W Big Creek 1980-94 704,493ODFW 1994c
W Eagle Creek 1984245,342 ODFW 1994c
W Beaver Creek 1981-94 424,572WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a

ESU

Receiving water body

Run*

Released stock
Period of
record
Total
released

References

4-Lower Columbia River
Cowlitz River S Skamania 1981-944,567,732 WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
W Cowlitz River 1981-94 12,953,071WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
Kalama River S Skamania 1981-941,032,217 WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
W Beaver Creek 1981-94 1,172,695WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
Lewis River S Skamania 1981-942,270,253 WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
W Vancouver 1981-94 2,657,105WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
Salmon Creek W Vancouver 1981-94 237,129WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
Clackamas River S South Santiam River 1980-94 2,625,792ODFW 1994c
W Big Creek 1980-94 2,108,308ODFW 1994c
W Clackamas River early 1983-88 1,270,841ODFW 1994c
W Clackamas River late 1986-94 388,847ODFW 1994c
W Faraday Hatchery 1992-94 121,246ODFW 1994c
W Eagle Creek 1980-94 2,241,156ODFW 1994c
Sandy River S South Santiam River 1980-94 256,710ODFW 1994c
W Big Creek 1980-94 2,860,053ODFW 1994c
W Clackamas River late 1986-94 260,330ODFW 1994c
Washougal River S Skamania 1981-941,853,917 WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
W Skamania 1981-941,794,553 WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
Hamilton Creek W Washougal 1988-91 24,624WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
Wind River S Skamania 1981-94353,832 WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
Hood River S South Santiam River 1980-94 1,399,343ODFW 1994c
W Big Creek 1985-91 188,620ODFW 1994c
W Hood River 1992-94 91,359ODFW 1994c
5-Upper Willamette River
Tualatin River W Big Creek 1980-94 464,544ODFW 1994c
Molalla River S South Santiam River 1980-94 692,589ODFW 1994c
W Big Creek 1980-94 861,832ODFW 1994c
W Klaskanine River 1985-88 219,763ODFW 1994c
W North Santiam River 198223,492 ODFW 1994c
Yamhill River W Big Creek 1980-82 101,355ODFW 1994c
Willamina Creek W Big Creek 1980-82 53,919ODFW 1994c
Santiam River S McKenzie River 1989119,339 ODFW 1994c
S South Santiam River 1980-94 5,595,712ODFW 1994c
W Big Creek 198058,632 ODFW 1994c
W North Santiam River 1980-94 2,423,260ODFW 1994c
W South Santiam River 1982-86 150,356ODFW 1994c
McKenzie River S McKenzie River 1980-94 1,391,280ODFW 1994c
S South Santiam River 1980-85 615,390ODFW 1994c
W Big Creek 1985-86 28,320ODFW 1994c
Willamette River S McKenzie River 1980-94 1,205,381ODFW 1994c
S South Santiam River 1980-94 622,425ODFW 1994c
W Big Creek 19815,025 ODFW 1994c
W North Santiam River 1980-85 204,110ODFW 1994c

ESU

Receiving water body

Run*

Released stock
Period of
record
Total
released

References

6-Oregon Coast
Necanicum River W North Nehalem River 1980-94 509,738ODFW 1994c
W Nestucca River 1982-86 163,384ODFW 1994c
Nehalem River W Fish Hawk Creek 1980-94 768,050ODFW 1994c
W North Nehalem River 1980-94 2,120,228ODFW 1994c
Miami River W Alsea River 1980-90 29,794ODFW 1994c
W Nestucca River 1980-94 395,611ODFW 1994c
Kilchis River S Siletz River 1980-94 148,856ODFW 1994c
S Nestucca River 1982-84 31,558ODFW 1994c
W Alsea River 1980-81 90,974ODFW 1994c
W Nestucca River 1980-94 459,835ODFW 1994c
Wilson River S Siletz River 1980-94 42,814ODFW 1994c
S Nestucca River 1988-94 141,251ODFW 1994c
W Alsea River 1980-90 372,781ODFW 1994c
W Nestucca River 1980-94 1,537,962ODFW 1994c
Tillamook River W Alsea River 1980-90 68,726ODFW 1994c
W Nestucca River 1980-94 389,138ODFW 1994c
Nestucca River S Siletz River 1980-94 1,226,760ODFW 1994c
S Nestucca River 1988-94 322,100ODFW 1994c
W Alsea River 1980-90 407,133ODFW 1994c
W Nestucca River 1980-94 2,010,088ODFW 1994c
Salmon River S South Santiam River 1980-94 940,954ODFW 1994c
W Alsea River 1980-94 380,463ODFW 1994c
W Nestucca River 1983-86 183,397ODFW 1994c
Siletz River S Siletz River 1980-94 1,308,905ODFW 1994c
W Alsea River 1980-94 1,337,505ODFW 1994c
W Nestucca River 198410,177 ODFW 1994c
Yaquina River W Alsea River 1980-94 494,353ODFW 1994c
Alsea River W Alsea River 1980-94 2,190,441ODFW 1994c
Tenmile Creek W Alsea River 1980-94 316,864ODFW 1994c
W Coos River 1990-92 52,026ODFW 1994c
Siuslaw River W Siuslaw River 1990-92 101,568ODFW 1994c
W Alsea River 1980-94 2,756,507ODFW 1994c
Smith River W Alsea River 1980-94 975,260ODFW 1994c
North Umpqua River S North Umpqua River 1980-94 2,963,045ODFW 1994c
W North Umpqua River 199022,535 ODFW 1994c
South Umpqua River W Cow Creek 1988-93 86,154ODFW 1994c
W Alsea River 1980-94 772,874ODFW 1994c
W North Umpqua River 1992-94 50,658ODFW 1994c
Coos River W Alsea River 1980-94 535,801ODFW 1994c
W Coos River 1992-93 75,334ODFW 1994c
W Coquille River 1987-90 42,357ODFW 1994c
Millicoma River W Coos River 1992-94 250,829ODFW 1994c
W Alsea River 1980-86 422,662ODFW 1994c
W Coquille River 1987-91 301,268ODFW 1994c
Coquille River W Alsea River 1980-88 580,379ODFW 1994c
W Coquille River 1980-94 2,116,150ODFW 1994c
W South Coquille River 199421,809 ODFW 1994c

ESU

Receiving water body

Run*

Released stock
Period of
record
Total
released

References

7-Klamath Mountains Province
Rogue River S Applegate River 1981-92 201,968ODFW 1994c
S Cole Rivers 1980-94 3,253,994ODFW 1994c
W Applegate River 1980-94 2,009,604ODFW 1994c
W Cole Rivers 1980-94 2,713,481ODFW 1994c
Chetco River W Chetco River 1980-94 970,789ODFW 1994c
Smith River W Eel River 1972-73 98,255CDFG 1994
W San Lorenzo River 197357,265 CDFG 1994
W Mad River 1975-76 41,861CDFG 1994
W Smith River 1980-81 102,100CDFG 1994
Klamath River W Mad River 1975172,419 CDFG 1994
W Cowlitz River 1970134,000 CDFG 1994
W Klamath River 1968-91 8,953,376CDFG 1994
8-Northern California
Mad River S Skamania 1972-81349,880 CDFG 1994
S Mad River 1968-91 909,311CDFG 1994
W Eel River 1972-74 292,210CDFG 1994
W Mad River 1968-91 3,986,235CDFG 1994
W Mad River (fry) 1982-85 720,330CDFG 1994
W Russian River 1989-90 22,320CDFG 1994
W Russian River (fry) 198964,180 CDFG 1994
W San Lorenzo River 1973100,800 CDFG 1994
Eel River W Eel River 1968-91 1,395,956CDFG 1994
W Mad River 1975-85 743,163CDFG 1994
Willits Creek W Mad River 1979-83 41,619CDFG 1994
Davis Creek W Mad River 1979-83 40,222CDFG 1994
Mattole River W Eel River 197230,065 CDFG 1994
W San Lorenzo River 197319,067 CDFG 1994
W Mad River 197530,012 CDFG 1994
Noyo River W San Lorenzo River 197340,100 CDFG 1994
Navarro River W Eel River 197240,950 CDFG 1994
W San Lorenzo River 197340,057 CDFG 1994
W Mad River 1975-81 99,013CDFG 1994
Garcia River W Mad River 1975-76 20,333CDFG 1994
Gualala River W Eel River 1972-74 48,750CDFG 1994
W San Lorenzo River 197320,345 CDFG 1994
W Mad River 1975-82 30,830CDFG 1994

ESU

Receiving water body

Run*

Released stock
Period of
record
Total
released

References

9-Central California Coast
Russian River S Skamania 1980-81270,410 CDFG 1994
W Eel River 197285,140 CDFG 1994
W San Lorenzo River 197383,350 CDFG 1994
W Mad River 1975-81 483,954CDFG 1994
W Russian River 1968-91 2,199,000CDFG 1994
Papermill Creek W Eel River 197210,080 CDFG 1994
W San Lorenzo River 19734,500 CDFG 1994
W Mad River 197610,010 CDFG 1994
Lagunitas Creek W Mad River 198130,000 CDFG 1994
Nicasio Creek W Mad River 1979-81 15,600CDFG 1994
Chorro Creek W Mad River 1979-83 16,585CDFG 1994
Napa River W Eel River 197220,200 CDFG 1994
W Mad River 1979-80 20,165CDFG 1994
W San Lorenzo River 197314,400 CDFG 1994
Pinole Creek W Mad River 19793,153 CDFG 1994
Uvas Creek W Mad River 1975-81 30,063CDFG 1994
Marsh Creek W Mad River 1979-83 3,743CDFG 1994
Grapewine Creek W Mad River 1979-83 4,337CDFG 1994
Pescadero Creek W Eel River 19727,650 CDFG 1994
W San Lorenzo River 19739,000 CDFG 1994
W Mad River 1975-81 44,659CDFG 1994
San Lorenzo River W Eel River 197220,250 CDFG 1994
W San Lorenzo River 197397,150 CDFG 1994
W Mad River 1975-81 149,090CDFG 1994
10-South-Central California Coast
Arroyo Seco Creek W Mad River 198110,450 CDFG 1994
Carmel River W Mad River 19808,400 CDFG 1994
San Luis Obispo Creek W Mad River 1979-81 7,635CDFG 1994
11-Southern California
Ventura River W Mad River (fry) 1976-79 41,020CDFG 1994
12-Central Valley
Sacramento River S Skamania 1968-81736,000 CDFG 1994, Cramer et al. 1995
W Nimbus Hatchery (Nimbus and Eel River stocks) 1958-90 13,469,000CDFG 1994
W Feather River Hatchery (Feather River and Nimbus stocks) 1971-90 5,915,000CDFG 1994
W Mokelumne Hatchery (Mokelumne River and Nimbus stocks) 1965-81 1,198,000CDFG 1994
W Coleman NFH 1965-90 9,876,000CDFG 1994

ESU

Receiving water body

Run*

Released stock
Period of
record
Total
released

References

13-Middle Columbia River
Little White Salmon River S Skamania 198468,852 WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
White Salmon River S Skamania 1982-91428,714 WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
W Vancouver 1982-94 300,315WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
Klickitat River S Skamania 1981-941,175,229 WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
Mill Creek S Lyons Ferry 1981-94 292,390WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
Deschutes River S Deschutes River 1980-94 6,112,635ODFW 1994c
Umatilla River S Umatilla River 1980-94 1,059,859ODFW 1994c
Walla Walla River S Lyons Ferry , Wells, and Wallowa River 1981-94 3,119,645WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
Yakima River S Ringold, Wells, Lyons Ferry, Klickitat River, and Yakima River 1981-94 1,268,617Howell et al. 1985, WDFW et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
Columbia River S Wallowa River 19918,400 ODFW 1994c
S Deschutes River 198027,280 ODFW 1994c
S Ringold 1981-942,303,462 WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
14-Upper Columbia River
Wenatchee River S Wells 1981-943,571,670 Chapman et al. 1994, WDFW 1994a
S Skamania 1982-87744,000 Chapman et al. 1994, WDFW 1994a
S Ringold 1983-89621,000 Chapman et al. 1994, WDFW 1994a
Entiat River S Wells and Priest Rapids 1981-94 407,133Chapman et al. 1994, WDFW 1994a
S Skamania 1982-8345,000 Chapman et al. 1994, WDFW 1994a
S Ringold 1984-90120,000 Chapman et al. 1994, WDFW 1994a
Methow River S Wells and Priest Rapids 1981-94 6,024,112Chapman et al. 1994, WDFW 1994a
Okanogan River S Wells and Priest Rapids 1981-94 1,546,708Chapman et al. 1994, WDFW 1994a
Columbia River S Wells 1980-85359,000 Chapman et al. 1994, WDFW 1994a
S Skamania 1986202,000 Chapman et al. 1994, WDFW 1994a
15-Snake River
Lower Snake River S Imnaha River 1987-90 176,289
S Wallowa River 1987-91 782,858
S Lyons Ferry Hatchery 1981-94 2,443,671WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
Tucannon River S Tucannon River 1981-94 1,631,888WDF et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
Clearwater River Basin S Clearwater Hatchery 1992annual goal

2,300,000

Hutchison 1993
S Dworshak Hatchery 1970-92 55,200,000Shelldrake 1993
Salmon River Basin S Magic Valley Hatchery 1987-92 10,778,500Hutchison 1993
S Niagara Springs Hatchery 1987-92 22,230,000Hutchison 1993
S Hagerman NFH 1984-92 6,565,500Shelldrake 1993
Snake River S Niagara Springs Hatchery 1987-92 22,230,000Hutchison 1993
S Hagerman NFH 1984-92 6,565,500Shelldrake 1993
Asotin Creek S Lyons Ferry Hatchery 1985-94 462,357WDFW et al. 1993, WDFW 1994a
Grande Ronde River S Imnaha River 19903,212 ODFW 1994c
S Wallowa River 1986-94 5,324,996ODFW 1994c
Wallowa River S Imnaha River 199021,760 ODFW 1994c
S Wallowa River 1980-94 15,074,518ODFW 1994c
S Lyons Ferry Hatchery 1983-84 682,858ODFW 1994c
Imnaha River S Imnaha River 1980-94 2,707,265ODFW 1994c

*Runs: S = summer steelhead; W = winter steelhead.