PICES is an intergovernmental scientific organization established in 1992 to promote and coordinate marine research in the northern North Pacific and adjacent seas. Its present members are Canada, Japan, People's Republic of China, Republic of Korea, the Russian Federation, and the United States of America.
Vera Trainer’s participation in PICES includes:
|2019-2022||Science Board Chair, North Pacific Marine Science Organization (PICES)|
|2018-2020||PICES Building Capacity for Monitoring by Local Small-scale Fishers (FishGIS), consultant|
|2013-2018||PICES Marine Ecosystem Health and Well-Being (MarWeb) project, Guatemala lead|
|2007-2012||PICES Seafood Safety Training Classes, Project Lead (Guatemala, the Republic of the Philippines, Indonesia)|
|2003-2014||Co-chair. Section on Harmful Algal Blooms. North Pacific Marine Science Organization|
|1998-2003||US Delegate to the Harmful Algal Bloom working group|
Wells, M.L., Trainer, V.L., Smayda, T.J., Karlson, B.S.O., Trick, C.G., Kudela, R.M., Ishikawa, A., Bernard, S., Wulff, A., Anderson, D.M., Cochlan, W.P. 2015. Harmful algal blooms and climate change: learning from the past and present to forecast the future. Harmful Algae. 49: 68-93.
Berdalet, E., Kudela, R., Urban, E., Enevoldsen, H., Banas, N.S., Bresnan, E., Burford, M., Davidson, K., Gobler, C.J., Karson, B., Lim, P. T., Mackenzie, L., Montresor, M., Trainer, V.L., Usup, G., Yim, K. 2017. GlobalHAB: New Program to Promote International Research, Observations, and Modeling of Harmful Algal Blooms in Aquatic Systems. Oceanography 30(1):70–81.
PICES/MAFF MarWeb project collaborates with the United Nations program on the development of Marine Protected Areas in Guatemala (Summer 2017, Vol.25, No. 2)
GlobalHAB – A new initiative in the HAB community (Summer 2016, Vol.24, No. 2
International Scientific Symposium on "Harmful algal blooms and climate change" (Winter 2016, Vol.24, No. 1)
S-HAB contributions to FUTURE (Summer 2015, Vol. 23, No. 2)
Completion of the PICES Seafood Safety Project - Indonesia Summer 2012, Vol. 20, No. 2
PICES Seafood Safety Project: Guatemala Training Program (Summer 2010, Vol. 18, No. 2)
PICES Sci. Rep. No. 53, 2017
Conditions Promoting Extreme Pseudo-nitzschia Events in the Eastern Pacific but not the Western Pacific
PICES Sci. Rep. No. 47, 2014
Proceedings of the Workshop on Economic Impacts of Harmful Algal Blooms on Fisheries and Aquaculture
PICES Sci. Rep. No. 23, 2002
Harmful Algal Blooms in the PICES Region of the North Pacific
This collaborative work defines the factors contributing to the productivity of the Indian oil sardine and the increasing occurrence of harmful algal blooms, establishing a baseline for understanding the impacts of climate driven ocean change on one of the world’s most productive ecosystems. A NOAA-Ministry of Earth Sciences (India) Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) was signed in 2008 and remains active until 2020.
This project enabled the development of a forecasting model for oil sardines using dynamic linear modeling. Using standard model selection approaches and cross- validation methods, environmental covariates (e.g., temperature and upwelling intensity) were identified to improve forecasts. A forecasting capability for HABs was implemented by using satellite algorithms to distinguish between harmful and beneficial phytoplankton in Indian waters. These satellite data, in conjunction with data from Bio- Argo floats and validated by data from cruises, have enable a forecast of timing, severity and expanse of HABs that impact fisheries in the Arabian Sea.
Lotliker, A.A., Baliarsingh, S.K., Trainer, V.L., Wells, M.L., Wilson, C., Bhaskar, T.V.S.U., Samanta, A., Shahimol, S.R. 2018. Characterization of oceanic Noctiluca blooms not associated with hypoxia in the Northeastern Arabian Sea. Harmful Algae. 74: 46-57.
Baliarsingh, S.K., Lotliker, A.A., Trainer, V.L., Wells, M.L., Parida, C., Sahu, B.K., Srichandan, S., Sahoo, S., Sahu, K.C., Kumar, T.S. 2016. Environmental dynamics of a red Noctiluca scintillans bloom in tropical coastal waters. Marine Pollution Bulletin 111: 277-286.