Northwest Fisheries Science Center

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Estuary Ecology

Estuarine ecosystems are a key transition zone between freshwater and marine ecosystems, with particular importance to salmon recovery. The Watershed Program's estuarine research efforts range from basic food web research in the pelagic zone of Puget Sound to researching salmon and forage fish ecology in estuaries. Products of these research efforts inform our basic understanding of the Puget Sound ecosystem, and also contribute to the improvement of estuarine restoration efforts to benefit salmon recovery.

Our estuary research focuses on:

Research Products

Estuarine food webs

Busch, D.S., C.M. Greene, and T.P. Good. 2013. Estimating impacts of tidal power and climate change on threatened and endangered marine species and their food web. Conservation Biology 27(6):1190-1200.

Harvey, C J., K.K. Bartz, J.R. Davies, T.B. Francis, T.P. Good, A.D. Guerry, M.B. Hanson, K.K. Holsman, J. Miller, M. Plummer, J.C. Reum, L.D. Rhodes, C.A. Rice, J.F. Samhouri, G.D. Williams, N.J. Yoder, P.S. Levin, and M.H. Ruckelshaus. 2010. A mass-balance model for evaluating food web structure and community-scale indicators in the central basin of Puget Sound. U.S. Dept. of Commerce, NOAA Tech. Memo., NMFS-NWFSC-106, 180 p

Reum, J.C., T.E. Essington, C.M. Greene, C.A. Rice, and K.L. Fresh. 2013. Biotic and abiotic controls on body size during a critical life history stage of a pelagic fish, Pacific herring (Clupea pallasi). Fisheries Oceanography 22(4):324-336.

Rice, C.A. 2005. Effects of shoreline modification on a northern Puget Sound beach: microclimate and embryo mortality in summer spawning surf smelt (Hypomesus pretiosus). Estuaries and Coasts 29(1):63-71.

Rice, C.A. 2007. Evaluating the biological condition of Puget Sound. Doctoral dissertation. University of Washington, Seattle.

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Fish ecology

Beamer, E. M., A. McBride, C. Greene, R. Henderson, G. Hood, K. Wolf, K. Larsen, C. Rice, and K. Fresh. 2005. Delta and nearshore restoration for the recovery of wild Skagit River Chinook salmon: Linking estuary restoration to wild Chinook salmon populations. Appendix D of Skagit Chinook Recovery. Report to Skagit River System Cooperative, La Conner, Washington.

Busch, D.S., C.M. Greene, and T.P. Good. 2013. Estimating impacts of tidal power and climate change on threatened and endangered marine species and their food web. Conservation Biology 27(6):1190-1200.

Greene, C.M., D.W. Jensen, E. Beamer, G.R. Pess, and A.E. Steel. 2005. Effects of environmental conditions during stream, estuary, and ocean residency on Chinook salmon return rates in the Skagit River, WA. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 134:1562-1581.

Harvey, C.J., K.K. Bartz, J.R. Davies, T.B. Francis, T.P. Good, A.D. Guerry, M.B. Hanson, K.K. Holsman, J. Miller, M. Plummer, J.C. Reum, L.D. Rhodes, C.A. Rice, J.F. Samhouri, G.D. Williams, N.J. Yoder, P.S. Levin, and M.H. Ruckelshaus. 2010. A mass-balance model for evaluating food web structure and community-scale indicators in the central basin of Puget Sound. U.S. Dept. of Commerce, NOAA Tech. Memo., NMFS-NWFSC-106, 180 p.

Hershberger, P.K., N. Elder, C.A. Grady, J.L. Gregg, C.A. Pacheco, C. Greene, C. Rice, and T.R. Meyers. 2009. Prevalence of viral erthrocytic necrosis in Pacific herring and epizootics in Skagit Bay, Puget Sound, Washington. Journal of Aquatic Animal Health 21:1-7.

Reum, J.C., T.E. Essington, C.M. Greene, C.A. Rice, and K.L. Fresh. 2013. Biotic and abiotic controls on body size during a critical life history stage of a pelagic fish, Pacific herring (Clupea pallasi). Fisheries Oceanography 22(4):324-336.

Rhodes, L.D., C. Durkin, S.L. Nance, and C.A. Rice. 2006. Prevalence and analysis of Renibacterium salmoninarum infection among juvenile Chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha in North Puget Sound. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 71(3):179-190.

Rhodes L.D., C.A. Rice, C.M. Greene, D.J. Teel, S.L. Nance, P. Moran, C.A. Durkin, and S.B. Gezhegne 2011. Nearshore ecosystem predictors of a bacterial infection in juvenile Chinook salmon. Marine Ecology Progress Series 432:161-172.

Rice, C.A. 2005. Effects of shoreline modification on a northern Puget Sound beach: microclimate and embryo mortality in summer spawning surf smelt (Hypomesus pretiosus). Estuaries and Coasts 29(1):63-71.

Rice, C.A. 2007. Evaluating the Biological Condition of Puget Sound. Doctoral dissertation. University of Washington, Seattle.

Rice, C.A., C.M. Greene, P. Moran, D.J. Teel, D.R. Kuligowski, R.R. Reisenbichler, E.M. Beamer, J.R. Karr, and K.L. Fresh. 2011. Abundance, stock origin, and length of marked and unmarked juvenile Chinook salmon in the surface waters of greater Puget Sound. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 140:170-189.

See our Estuary Restoration research products.

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