Northwest Fisheries Science Center

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Glossary of Restoration Terms
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Dr. George Pess
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Remembering Casey Rice

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Monitoring Guidance and Tools

Watershed restoration is global industry with thousands of projects implemented every year in the US alone. The need for better monitoring and evaluation of watershed restoration has been noted repeatedly for more than 75 years, yet only a small fraction of projects are ever monitored for effectiveness. This lack of monitoring stems in part from limited guidance on the best approaches for monitoring individual and multiple projects at reach and watershed scales, and in part from the lack of streamlined methods to most efficiently measure physical and biological condition. To assist with this, Watershed Program scientists have developed tools and guidance to more effectively monitor restoration success.

Research Products

Beechie, T.J., C.N. Veldhuisen, E.M. Beamer, D.E. Schuett-Hames, R.H. Conrad, and P. DeVries. 2005. Monitoring treatments to reduce sediment and hydrologic effects from roads. Pages 35-65 in P. Roni, editor. Monitoring stream and watershed restoration. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland.

Kiffney, P.M., R.E. Bilby, and B.L. Sanderson. 2005. Monitoring the effects of nutrient enrichment on freshwater ecosystems. Pages 237-265 in P. Roni, editor. Methods for monitoring stream and watershed restoration. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland.

Liermann, M., and P. Roni. 2008. More sites or more years? - optimal study design for monitoring fish response to watershed restoration. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 28(3): 935-943.

Liermann, M., A. Steel, M. Rosing, and P. Guttorp. 2004. Random denominators and the analysis of ratio data. Environmental and Ecological Statistics 11:55-71.

McHenry, M.L., and G.R. Pess. 2008. An overview of monitoring options for assessing the response of salmonids and their aquatic ecosystems in the Elwha River following dam removal. Northwest Science 82(Special Issue):29-47.

Medina, A.L., J.N. Rinne, and P. Roni. 2005. Riparian Restoration through Grazing Management: Considerations for Monitoring Project Effectiveness. Pages 97-126 in P. Roni, editor. Methods for monitoring stream and watershed restoration. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland.

Pess, G.R., S.A. Morley, J.L. Hall, and R.K. Timm. 2005. Monitoring floodplain restoration. Pages 127-166 in P. Roni, editor. Methods for monitoring stream and watershed restoration. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland.

Pess, G.R., S.A. Morley, and P. Roni. 2005. Evaluating fish response to culvert replacement and other methods for reconnecting isolated aquatic habitats. Pages 267-276 in P. Roni, editor. Methods for monitoring stream and watershed restoration. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland.

Pollock, M.M., T.J. Beechie, S.S. Chan, and R. Bigley. 2005. Monitoring restoration of riparian forests. Pages 67-96 in P. Roni, editor. Methods for monitoring stream and watershed restoration. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland.

Rice, C.A. 2005. Effects of shoreline modification on a northern Puget Sound beach: microclimate and embryo mortality in summer spawning surf smelt (Hypomesus pretiosus). Estuaries and Coasts 29(1):63-71.

Rice, C.A., W.G. Hood, L.M. Tear, C.A. Simenstad, G.D. Williams, L.L. Johnson, B.E. Feist, and P. Roni. 2005. Monitoring rehabilitation in temperate North American estuaries. Pages 167-207 in P. Roni, editor. Methods for monitoring stream and watershed restoration. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland.

Roni, P. 2005. Overview and background. Pages 1-11 in P. Roni, editor. Methods for monitoring stream and watershed restoration. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland.

Roni, P., T. Beechie, C. Jordan, and G. Pess. In press. Basin scale monitoring of river restoration: Recommendations from case studies in the Pacific Northwest USA. American Fisheries Society Symposium 78: 26p.

Roni, P., A. Fayram, and M. Miller. 2005. Monitoring and evaluating instream habitat enhancement. Pages 209-236 in P. Roni, editor. Methods for monitoring stream and watershed restoration. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland.

Roni, P., M. Liermann, C.E. Jordan, and E.A. Steel. 2005. Steps for designing a monitoring and evaluation program for aquatic restoration. Pages 13-34 in P. Roni, editor. Methods for monitoring stream and watershed restoration. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland.

Roni, P., M. Liermann, and A. Steel. 2003. Methods for monitoring salmonid and responses of other fishes to in-stream restoration. Pages 318-339 in D.R. Montgomery, S. Bolton and D.B. Booth, editors. Restoration of Puget Sound rivers. University of Washington Press, Seattle.

Roni, P., G.R. Pess, and S.A. Morley. 2010. Monitoring salmon stream restoration: guidelines based on experience from the American Pacific Northwest. Pages 119-147 in P. Kemp, editor. Salmonid fisheries: freshwater habitat management. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Roni, P. (editor), and E. Quimby (technical editor). 2005. Monitoring stream and watershed restoration. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland.

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