Northwest Fisheries Science Center

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Glossary of Restoration Terms
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Dr. George Pess
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Prioritizing Restoration Actions

An important step in the restoration process is prioritizing restoration actions across watersheds, within watersheds or even within sub-watersheds or stream reaches. This step follows the assessment of watershed processes and identification of restoration opportunities, and often requires integrating stated objectives, incorporating physical and biological information, and weighing social-economic considerations. We continue to work with those funding and implementing restoration to provide tools to assist with prioritization of restoration at different scales that are transparent, effective and based on best available science. The following are several recent products.

Research Products

Beechie, T., E. Beamer, and L. Wasserman. 1994. Estimating coho salmon rearing habitat and smolt production losses in a large river basin, and implications for restoration. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 14:797-811.

Beechie, T.J., G.R. Pess, and H. Imaki. 2012. Estimated changes to Chinook salmon and steelhead habitat carrying capacity from rehabilitation actions for the Trinity River, North Fork Trinity to Lewiston Dam. Contract Report to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Northwest Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Seattle, Washington, 39p.

Beechie, T., G. Pess, P. Roni, and G. Giannico. 2008. Setting river restoration priorities: a review of approaches and a general protocol for identifying and prioritizing actions. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 28:891-905.

Beechie, T.J., M.M. Pollock, and S. Baker. 2008. Channel incision, evolution, and potential recovery in the Walla Walla and Tucannon River basins, northwestern USA. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 33:784-800.

Feist, B.E., E.A. Steel, G.R. Pess, and R.E. Bilby. 2003. The influence of scale on salmon habitat restoration priorities. Animal Conservation 6:271-282.

Greene, C.M., and T.J. Beechie. 2004. Habitat-specific population dynamics of ocean-type chinook salmon (Onchorynchus tshawytscha) in Puget Sound. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 61:590-602.

Hyatt, T.L., T.Z. Waldo, and T.J. Beechie. 2004. A watershed scale assessment of riparian forests, with implications for restoration. Restoration Ecology 12:175-183.

Roni, P., T.J. Beechie, R.E. Bilby, F.E. Leonetti, M.M. Pollock, and G.R. Pess. 2002. A review of stream restoration techniques and a hierarchical strategy for prioritizing restoration in Pacific Northwest watersheds. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 22(1):1-20.

Roni, P., T.J. Beechie, and G.R. Pess. 2004. Prioritizing restoration actions within watersheds. Pages 60-73 in T.J. Beechie, E.A. Steel and P. Roni, editors. Ecosystem recovery planning for listed salmon: an integrated assessment approach for salmon habitat. NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-NWFSC-58, Seattle, Washington.

Roni, P., T. Beechie, S. Schmutz, and S. Muhar. 2013. Chapter 6: Prioritization of watersheds and restoration projects. Pages 189-214 in P. Roni, and T. Beechie, editors. Stream and watershed restoration: a guide to restoring riverine processes and habitats. Wiley-Blackwell, Chichester, United Kingdom.

Roni, P., G.R. Pess, T.J. Beechie, and S.A. Morley. 2011. Estimating salmon and steelhead response to watershed restoration: How much restoration is enough? North American Journal of Fisheries Management 30:1469-1484.

Roni, P., G. Pess, K. Hanson, and M. Pearsons. 2013. Chapter 5: Selecting appropriate stream and watershed restoration techniques. Pages 144-188 in P. Roni and T. Beechie, editors. Stream and watershed restoration: a guide to restoring riverine processes and habitats. Wiley-Blackwell, Chichester, United Kingdom.

Steel, E. A., B.E. Feist, D. Jenson, G.R. Pess, M.B. Sheer, J. Brauner, and R.E. Bilby. 2004. Landscape models to understand steelhead (Oncorhynchus mykiss) distribution and help prioritize barrier removals in the Willamette Basin, OR, U.S.A. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 61:999-1011.

See also our research on restoration planning and salmon ecology.

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