Northwest Fisheries Science Center

Economic and Social Science Research Topics


Jerry Leonard
Program Manager
Staff Directory

What are groundfish?

For the purposes of the EDC, groundfish are defined as those species that are in the Pacific Fishery Management Council’s groundfish fishery management plan. In general terms, groundfish DO NOT include Highly Migratory Species (e.g. tuna, swordfish), Coastal Pelagic Species (e.g. sardines, mackerel), invertebrates (e.g. crab, shrimp), or salmon.

The groundfish covered by the Council’s groundfish fishery management plan (FMP) include over 90 different species that, with a few exceptions, live on or near the bottom of the ocean. These are made up of the following species:

Please see the excerpt from the The next link/button will exit from NWFSC web site Pacific Coast Groundfish Fishery Management Plan with the full list of groundfish species.

Catch Shares logo

For more information, go to NOAA Fisheries Northwest Region’s Catch Share website

Contact Info:

Erin Steiner
Economic Data Collection Program
(FRAM Division)
(866) 791-3726 or